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Headword: Πτέρνα
Adler number: pi,3009
Translated headword: heel
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] trickery.
And plotting.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the related verb] 'I heel', [meaning] I cast down.
[Formed] out of a metaphor of those competing about speed, and plotting simultaneously to bash into their fellow-runners with their heel and make them fall.[2] "For he has already heeled me a second time in this."[3]
Greek Original:
Πτέρνα: ὁ δόλος. καὶ ἡ ἐπιβουλή. καὶ Πτερνίζω, τὸ καταβάλλω. ἐκ μεταφορᾶς τῶν περὶ τάχους ἀγωνιζομένων, καὶ τῇ πτέρνῃ τοὺς συνθέοντας προσπταίειν ὁμοῦ καὶ πίπτειν μηχανωμένους. ἐπτέρνικε γάρ με ἤδη δεύτερον τοῦτο.
Notes:
The primary headword, a feminine noun, regularly refers to the body part or to something having the shape or function of that part. The meaning given to it here is not otherwise attested unambiguously, although the verb derived from it, πτερνίζω , can mean 'trip up (by/with the heels)' in the sense of 'deceive'. The form of the headword, nominative singular, is perhaps a generic lexical reference; at any rate it is not drawn directly from the quotation given. See also pi 2010.
[1] With this second gloss, lacking in mss AFV, Adler compares Anecdota Graeca (Cramer) 2.464.10.
[2] Adapted from Theodoret, commentary on Psalm 40:10 LXX (PG 80.1165), with some divergences, including an untranslatable loss of grammatical coherence (the closing participle should be genitive, not accusative). In the passage Theodoret is commenting on, a noun related to the headword, πτερνισμός appears, rather than the headword itself. In Theodoret's comments the headword appears in the accusative and dative cases.
[3] This quotation, which is also in Theodoret's comments, is from Genesis 27:36 LXX and contains the perfect tense of πτερνίζω .
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; imagery; medicine; religion
Translated by: William Hutton on 3 October 2013@12:31:12.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked note, set status) on 4 October 2013@01:20:00.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 October 2013@03:41:43.
William Hutton (tweaked n. 2) on 4 October 2013@08:04:26.
David Whitehead on 22 October 2013@09:55:36.
David Whitehead (codings) on 25 May 2016@04:01:45.

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