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Headword: Πετρόβολον
Adler number: pi,1405
Translated headword: stone-thrower
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"The strength of the stone-thrower machine which was used in the siege of Judaea [i.e. Jotapata] by Vespasian was of the following order: when one man of those near Josephus on the wall was struck by it, his head was severed by the stone and his skull was whirled away to a distance of three stades. And during daytime a pregnant woman was struck in the belly, when she had just come out of her house, and the foetus was hurled half a stade away. So great was the strength of the stone. Consequently the din of the machines was very frightening, as was the sound of the projectiles."
Greek Original:
Πετρόβολον: ἡ τοῦ μηχανήματος ἀλκὴ τοῦ πετροβόλου, τοῦ κατὰ τὴν πολιορκίαν τῆς Ἰουδαίας ὑπὸ Οὐεσπεσιανοῦ, τοιάδε τις ἦν: πληγεὶς γάρ τις ὑπ' αὐτοῦ τῶν περὶ τὸν Ἰώσηπον τῶν ἀνὰ τὸ τεῖχος, ἀπαράσσεται τὴν κεφαλὴν ὑπὸ τῆς πέτρας καὶ τὸ κρανίον ἀπὸ τριῶν ἐσφενδονήθη σταδίων. γυναικός τε μεθ' ἡμέραν ἐγκύμονος πληγείσης τὴν γαστέρα, προῄει δὲ νέον ἐξ οἰκίας, ἐξέσεισεν ἐφ' ἡμιστάδιον τὸ βρέφος. τοσαύτη ἦν ἡ τοῦ λίθου βία. τῶν οὖν ὀργάνων φοβερώτατος ὁ ῥοῖζος, τῶν δὲ βαλλομένων ἦν ὁ ψόφος.
Notes:
From Josephus, Jewish War 3.245-247 (web address 1).
For the headword, cf. under delta 1271.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; children; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; science and technology; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 March 2010@06:07:23.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link, set status) on 31 March 2010@15:55:33.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 1 April 2010@03:10:23.
David Whitehead on 1 October 2013@03:38:24.
Catharine Roth (tweaked link) on 29 October 2018@10:55:55.

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