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Headword: Πεττεύει
Adler number: pi,1391
Translated headword: plays (a board game with pessoi)
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning he/she/it] uses a metaphor(?).[1] From pieces in board games (pessoi), that is from cubes (?dice).
Also [sc. attested is] ὁ δραπέτης ["the runaway [slave]"], [meaning] the one running away [ἀποδρῶν ] from slavery. The one playing [πεττεύων ] 'run' [δρᾶν ], that is escaping.[2]
Greek Original:
Πεττεύει: μεταφέρει. ἀπὸ τῶν πεττῶν, τουτέστι τῶν κύβων. καὶ ὁ δραπέτης, ὁ ἀποδρῶν τῆς δουλείας. ὁ τὸ δρᾶν πεττεύων, ὅ ἐστι φεύγων.
Notes:
For pessoi as game pieces in cubic shape, see pi 1384.
[1] Same headword -- evidently quoted from somewhere -- in other lexica, with same or similar glossing; references at Photius pi824 Theodoridis. The gloss μεταφέρει is translated here as 'uses a metaphor' but might (DW) simply mean moves/transfers. Either way, there may be some connection with Philo Judaeus (of Alexandria), Life of Moses 1.31, given in LSJ s.v. πεσσεύω as 'τύχη ἄνω καὶ κάτω τὰ ἀνθρώπεια πεττεύει ' ("fortune plays human affairs backwards and forwards"), but in Philo actually a phrase in the genitive with the participle πεττευούσης . This would be an allusion to the ancient war game, perhaps known as Petteia (pi 1384), in which pieces were moved both forward and backward (unlike tabla and other backgammon-games). In the very next entry, however, we have playing Petteia equated with playing tabla (pi 1392).
[2] Quoted from delta 1503, q.v.; this etymology is fanciful and implausible.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 6 December 2000@10:08:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added note; cosmetics) on 12 September 2002@07:53:22.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 28 November 2005@10:38:38.
David Whitehead (modified tr; re-arranged, modified and expanded notes) on 13 May 2011@09:31:17.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 13 May 2011@11:46:21.
Catharine Roth on 16 May 2011@01:13:37.
David Whitehead on 30 September 2013@08:50:37.

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