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Headword: Ὀρθοί
Adler number: omicron,589
Translated headword: upright, erect, acute, excited
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning they] having been struck with panic.[1] "When the Romans learned that Hannibal was besieging their forces, they were all excited by concerns and in great fear, as of the impending crisis stretching everything to the limit."[2]
Greek Original:
Ὀρθοί: ἐκπεπληγμένοι. οἱ δὲ Ῥωμαῖοι μαθόντες ὅτι Ἀννίβας πολιορκεῖ τὰς δυνάμεις, ὀρθοὶ ταῖς διανοίαις καὶ περίφοβοι πάντες ἦσαν, ὡς καὶ πρὸς τὰ ὅλα διατεινούσης τῆς ἐνεστηκυίας κρίσεως.
Notes:
The headword, presumably extracted from the quotation given, is an adjective in the masculine nominative (and vocative) plural; see generally LSJ s.v. ὀρθός, -ή, -όν and cf. iota 238, omicron 568, omicron 569, omicron 570, omicron 571, and omicron 578.
[1] The gloss is the perfect middle/passive participle, masculine nominative (and vocative) plural, of the verb ἐκπλήσσω (I expel, e.g. balanced judgment); see LSJ s.v.
[2] An approximation of Polybius 9.5.4 (web address 1), regarding Hannibal's (OCD(4) s.v. and alpha 2452) siege of Capua (Barrington Atlas Map 44 Grid F3) during the Second Punic War (218-201 BCE); Walbank, pp. 118-121. [In her critical apparatus, Adler notes that ms F omitted the quotation, that ms A reads διανοίας , through concern, and that ms S reads περὶ for πρὸς : stretching to the limit about everything.]
Reference:
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. II, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 20 May 2010@02:14:27.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 May 2010@03:30:34.
David Whitehead (typo, noticed by the translator) on 8 June 2010@03:24:38.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 15 July 2013@09:23:01.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, upgraded link) on 15 July 2013@22:57:32.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:21:27.

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