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Headword: Ὀρθοί
Adler number: omicron,589
Translated headword: upright, erect, acute, excited
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning they] having been struck with panic.[1] "When the Romans learned that Hannibal was besieging their forces, they were all excited by concerns and in great fear, as of the impending crisis stretching everything to the limit."[2]
Greek Original:
Ὀρθοί: ἐκπεπληγμένοι. οἱ δὲ Ῥωμαῖοι μαθόντες ὅτι Ἀννίβας πολιορκεῖ τὰς δυνάμεις, ὀρθοὶ ταῖς διανοίαις καὶ περίφοβοι πάντες ἦσαν, ὡς καὶ πρὸς τὰ ὅλα διατεινούσης τῆς ἐνεστηκυίας κρίσεως.
The headword, presumably extracted from the quotation given, is an adjective in the masculine nominative (and vocative) plural; see generally LSJ s.v. ὀρθός, -ή, -όν and cf. iota 238, omicron 568, omicron 569, omicron 570, omicron 571, and omicron 578.
[1] The gloss is the perfect middle/passive participle, masculine nominative (and vocative) plural, of the verb ἐκπλήσσω (I expel, e.g. balanced judgment); see LSJ s.v.
[2] An approximation of Polybius 9.5.4 (web address 1), regarding Hannibal's (OCD(4) s.v. and alpha 2452) siege of Capua (Barrington Atlas Map 44 Grid F3) during the Second Punic War (218-201 BCE); Walbank, pp. 118-121. [In her critical apparatus, Adler notes that ms F omitted the quotation, that ms A reads διανοίας , through concern, and that ms S reads περὶ for πρὸς : stretching to the limit about everything.]
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. II, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1967
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 20 May 2010@02:14:27.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 20 May 2010@03:30:34.
David Whitehead (typo, noticed by the translator) on 8 June 2010@03:24:38.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 15 July 2013@09:23:01.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule, upgraded link) on 15 July 2013@22:57:32.
David Whitehead on 6 August 2014@03:21:27.


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