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Headword: Ὀμφακίαν
Adler number: omicron,315
Translated headword: austere, harsh
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] cruel and severe. Aristophanes [writes]: "for it is terrible that the spirit of men is so austere by nature that he throws [things] and shouts and wishes to hear nothing bearing fair for fair." Meaning cruel and severe. [Used] metaphorically from unripe grapes. The bunches of grapes are so pungent and not at all ripe; for from the opposite [side], [the bunch] has ripened and is sweet. And "bearing fair for fair," meaning just, and from an equal [measure]. From a metaphor of mixing wine with water. And he saying to speak and to listen in accordance with what is fair.
Greek Original:
Ὀμφακίαν: ὠμὸν καὶ σκληρόν. Ἀριστοφάνης: δεινὸν γὰρ οὕτως ὀμφακίαν πεφυκέναι τὸν θυμὸν ἀνδρῶν ὥστε βάλλειν καὶ βοᾶν ἐθέλειν τ' ἀκοῦσαι μηδὲν ἴσον ἴσῳ φέρον. ἀντὶ τοῦ ὠμὸν καὶ σκληρόν. μεταφορικῶς ἀπὸ τῶν ὀμφάκων. οὕτω δὲ αἱ σταφυλαὶ δριμεῖαι οὖσαι καὶ οὔπω πέπειροι: ἐκ γὰρ τοῦ ἐναντίου, πέπανον τὸ ὥριμον καὶ ἡδύ. ἴσον δὲ ἴσῳ φέρον, ἀντὶ τοῦ δίκαιον, καὶ ἐξ ἴσου. ἀπὸ μεταφορᾶς τοῦ κιρναμένου οἴνου πρὸς ὕδωρ. λέγει δὲ κατ' ἴσον εἰπεῖν καὶ ἀκοῦσαι.
Aristophanes, Acharnians 352-4 (web address 1), with scholion. The headword, feminine accusative singular of this adjective, is extracted from the quotation.
cf. omicron 319 (and already delta 340).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: agriculture; botany; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; imagery; poetry
Translated by: Amanda Aponte on 15 December 2009@11:45:45.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-refs; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 December 2009@06:18:40.
David Whitehead (expanded note; another keyword) on 30 June 2013@06:31:33.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 30 June 2013@19:32:32.


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