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Headword: Ὁμίχλη
Adler number: omicron,258
Translated headword: mist
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] blindness, or thick air.[1]
Mist [is] air made dense and not transparent, not bright.[2]
Homer [writes]: "the south wind spread a mist on high around the mountain."[3] [The word] was coined from the placing of darkness [ἀχλὺν ] over the eyes [ὄμμασιν ].[4]
Aristophanes [writes]: "because of war and mist, he does not look down on [the things] which you do in a villainous manner."[5] Meaning because of present evils constrained by war he did not expose your evil deeds.
Greek Original:
Ὁμίχλη: ἀορασία, ἢ παχὺς ἀήρ. Ὁμίχλη, ὁ τεθολωμένος ἀὴρ καὶ μὴ διαυγής, μηδὲ λαμπρός. Ὅμηρος: εὖτ' ὄρεος κορυφῇσι νότος κατέχευεν ὁμίχλην. ἐτυμολογεῖται δὲ παρὰ τὸ τοῖς ὄμμασιν ἀχλὺν παρέχειν. Ἀριστοφάνης: ὑπὸ τοῦ πολέμου καὶ τῆς ὁμίχλης, ἃ πανουργεῖς, μὴ καθορᾶται. ἀντὶ τοῦ ὑπὸ τῶν περιεστώτων κακῶν καὶ τοῦ πολέμου συνεχόμενος μὴ ἐλέγχῃ τὰ σὰ κακουργήματα.
[1] Same or similar entries in other lexica (references at Photius omicron284 Theodoridis), and cf. also the scholia to Homer, Iliad 1.359 (where the headword occurs: web address 1).
[2] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Knights 803 (quoted later in the entry).
[3] Homer, Iliad 3.10.
[4] The author speculates that ὁμίχλη was formed as a combination of ὄμμασιν and ἀχλὺν because of the similarity in appearance the resulting word would have to ὁμίχλη .
[5] Aristophanes, Knights 803 (web address 2).
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; imagery; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Amanda Aponte on 5 November 2009@12:41:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented and modified notes; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 6 November 2009@03:45:58.
David Whitehead (adjustments) on 25 June 2013@07:05:52.


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