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Headword: Ὀψοφαγία
Adler number: omicron,1091
Translated headword: relish-eating
Vetting Status: high
and [sc. also attested is] relish-eater: [meaning a] glutton, [someone] consuming relishes.
Philoxenos the son of Leukadios was a relish-eater, and from him the Philoxenian flat-cakes [sc. got their name]. To such a degree was Philoxenos a relish-eater that in public, in the baths, he accustomed his hand to heat by plunging it into hot water and gargled his throat with hot water so that heat made him hard to shift. Also he persuaded the cooks to serve him very hot food. Similar stories are told about Archytas.[1] And Crobylus says: "myself, against these excessively hot [foodstuffs] I am holding dactyls veritably Idaean (meaning chilly), and I take pleasure in giving my throat a vapour-bath with [sc. hot] slices of meat".
Greek Original:
Ὀψοφαγία: καὶ Ὀψοφάγος, λαίμαργος, ὄψα ἐσθίων. Φιλόξενος ὁ Λευκαδίου ἐγένετο ὀψοφάγος, ἀφ' οὗ καὶ οἱ Φιλοξένειοι πλακοῦντες. ἐπὶ τοσοῦτον δὲ ἦν ὀψοφάγος ὁ Φιλόξενος, ὥστε φανερῶς ἐν τοῖς βαλανείοις τὴν χεῖρα συνεθίζειν προσκαθιέντα ἐς ὕδωρ θερμὸν καὶ τὸ στόμα ἀναγαργαριζόμενον θερμῷ ὕδατι, ὅπως ἐν τοῖς θερμοῖς δυσκίνητος ᾖ. καὶ τοὺς ὀψοποιοῦντας ὑπεποιεῖτο, ἵνα θερμότατα παρατιθῶσι. παραπλήσια δὲ ἱστοροῦσι καὶ περὶ Ἀρχύτου. καὶ Κρώβυλός φησιν: ἐγὼ πρὸς τὰ θερμὰ ταῦθ' ὑπερβολῇ τοὺς δακτύλους δήπουθεν Ἰδαίους ἔχω [ἀντὶ τοῦ ψυχρούς], καὶ τὸν φάρυγγ' ἥδιστα πυριῶ τεμαχίοις.
After the opening headwords, the entry is an approximation of Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 1.5B & D-F (= 1.8-9 Kaibel). See also iota 93, tau 599, phi 395.
[1] alpha 4121.
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; ethics; food; imagery; medicine; mythology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 13 June 2010@07:54:12.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 14 June 2010@01:08:47.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 14 June 2010@03:14:42.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2013@07:12:49.
Catharine Roth (corrected cross-reference) on 24 February 2014@01:10:33.


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