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Headword: Opsis
Adler number: omicron,1082
Translated headword: sight
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] seeing.[1]
Also contemplation.
"So the things before the city shone with silver and bronze, and nothing was more delightful for them or appeared more terrible to the enemies than that sight".[2]
[Note] that sight distinguishes the twelve colors:[3] white and black, and the intermediates, [i.e.] yellow and grey, pale, red, blue, purple, bright, dark. Hearing distinguishes a high and low sound, smelling distinguishes good and bad odors, and the intermediates: rotten and wet [odors], whether melted or flavoured with thyme. Taste distinguishes sweet and bitter flavors, and the intermediates. For there are seven flavors: sweet, bitter, sharp, acrid, astringent, porous, salt, winter cherry. Touch distinguishes many things, heavy, light objects, and the intermediates: rough, smooth and the intermediates; dry and wet objects. And the senses are in the head and are peculiarly adapted to the organs and are enclosed by them, but touch passes through the head and the body and is common to every sense.[4]
Look under [the entry] 'senses/“sensations'.[5]
Greek Original:
Opsis: horasis. kai hê theôria. ta men oun pro tês poleôs argurôi kai chrusôi perielampeto, kai tês opseôs ekeinês ouden oute tois spheterois epiterpesteron oute tois polemiois parestê phoberôteron. hoti hê opsis tôn dôdeka chrômatôn esti kritikê, leukou kai melanos kai tôn metaxu, xanthou kai phaiou, ôchrou, eruthrou, kuanou, halourgou, lamprou, orphniou. hê de akoê kritikê estin oxeos kai bareos phthongou, hê de osphrêsis kritikê euôdôn kai dusôdôn osmôn kai tôn metaxu, sêpomenôn te kai brechomenôn ê têkomenôn ê thumiômenôn. hê de geusis kritikê glukeôn te kai pikrôn chumôn kai tôn metaxu e#: hepta gar eisi chumoi, glukus, pikros, oxus, drimus, stuphus, somphos, halukos, struphnos. hê de haphê pleionôn esti kritikê: bareôn, kouphôn kai tôn metaxu: tracheôn kai leiôn kai tôn metaxu: xêrôn kai hugrôn. kai hai men d# aisthêseis en têi kephalêi eisi kai idiazousin kai perikleiontai organois, hê de haphê kai dia tês kephalês kai dia tou sômatos kechôrêke kai esti koinê pasês aisthêseôs. zêtei en tôi aisthêseis.
Notes:
[1] That is to say, the activity of sight. For this distinction see Aristotle, De anima 426a13-16; 428a6-7.
[2] Quotation not identified by Adler but identifiable via the TLG as Josephus, Jewish War 5.351 (web address 1). See on this Theodoridis' Photius edition, vol.II p.LXXXVI.
[3] Sic -- but only ten will be mentioned.
[4] Photius, Bibliotheca 439a39-b16 (Life of Pythagoras).
[5] alphaiota 326.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 2 March 2004@13:32:01.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link) on 3 March 2004@01:55:55.
David Whitehead (cosmetics; raised status) on 3 March 2004@02:56:59.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 9 September 2011@00:40:18.
David Whitehead (expanded n.2; more keywords) on 11 October 2011@05:25:55.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr; another note; cosmetics) on 4 August 2013@06:48:56.
David Whitehead on 4 August 2013@06:54:55.

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