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Headword: Ὀφθαλμὸς βασιλέως
Adler number: omicron,1012
Translated headword: King's Eye
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Meaning someone very influential with the [sc. Persian] king. This is what they used to call the satraps,[1] through whom the king keeps a watch on everybody; as the 'King's Ears' [were] the eavesdroppers, through whom he listens to what is happening to everyone everywhere.
Greek Original:
Ὀφθαλμὸς βασιλέως: ἀντὶ τοῦ μέγα δυνάμενος παρὰ βα- σιλεῖ. οὕτως δὲ ἐκάλουν τοὺς σατράπας, δι' ὧν πάντας ὁ βασιλεὺς ἐπισκοπεῖ: ὡς βασιλέως ὦτα τοὺς ὠτακουστάς, δι' ὧν ἀκούει τὰ πραττόμενα ἑκάστῳ πανταχοῦ.
Notes:
From the scholia to Aristophanes, Acharnians 92, where this dignitary is mentioned; see web address 1. For other attestations see LSJ s.v. ὀφθαλμός , under II.
[1] For Persia's satraps see generally sigma 153. (It is not, however, the case that 'King's Eye' was a generic term for them.)
Reference:
J.M. Balcer, 'The Athenian Episkopos and the Achaemenid "King's Eye"', American Journal of Philology 98 (1977) 252-263
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; definition; geography; history; imagery
Translated by: David Whitehead on 30 September 2002@06:31:03.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link, set status) on 8 February 2004@21:56:47.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 8 October 2004@10:15:43.
David Whitehead on 2 August 2013@07:19:15.

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