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Headword: Νύμφαι
Adler number: nu,588
Translated headword: nymphs
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[A term for] worms, which [live] in the cells of bees' honeycombs, when they begin to grow their wings. Some people simply [call them] winged worms. Samians[1] also call nymph the upper middle part of the female genitalia.[2] Also the closed-up buds of roses [are called] nymphs. Also newly-married women [are called] as nymphs. And the Muses [are called] nymphs by Lydians. That the offshoots of all fruits [are described] in this way [is] clear. Concerning the gods an entire history has been composed by Dionysios in thirty three books.
Greek Original:
Νύμφαι: σκώληκες οἱ ἐν τοῖς τῶν μελισσῶν κυττάροις, ὅταν ἤδη πτεροποιεῖν ἄρξωνται. οἱ δ' ἁπλῶς τοὺς πτερωτοὺς σκώληκας, Σάμιοι. καὶ τὸ ἀνὰ μέσον τῶν γυναικείων αἰδοίων νύμφην καλοῦσι. καὶ τῶν ῥόδων αἱ κάλυκες αἱ μεμυκυῖαι νύμφαι. καὶ αἱ νεόγαμοι κόραι νύμφαι. καὶ αἱ Μοῦσαι δὲ ὑπὸ Λυδῶν νύμφαι. ὅτι δὲ πάντων τῶν καρπῶν αἱ ἐκφύσεις οὕτω, δῆλον. περὶ δὲ τῶν θεῶν Διονυσίῳ πᾶσα ἱστορία συνῆκται ἐν τριάκοντα καὶ τρισὶ βιβλίοις.
Notes:
Same entry in Photius (nu286 Theodoridis, with other references), perhaps from Pausanias the Atticist. See further, next note.
[1] Whether by accident or design, Adler punctuated with a full stop after 'Samians'. The present translation follows Photius, where (more intelligibly) 'Samians' begins the next clause.
[2] Repeated at nu 594. For this meaning of nymph as clitoris, LSJ s.v. cites Rufus, περὶ ὀνομασίας 112 (Τὸ δὲ μυῶδες ἐν μέσῳ σαρκίον, νύμφη, καὶ μύρτον: οἱ δὲ ὑποδερμίδα, οἱ δὲ κλειτορίδα ὀνομάζουσι, καὶ τὸ ἀκολάστως τούτου ἅπτεσθαι κλειτοριάζειν λέγουσιν. ) and Galen, de Usu Partium 15.3.
Keywords: botany; definition; gender and sexuality; geography; imagery; medicine; mythology; religion; women; zoology
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 24 March 2004@14:12:29.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 25 March 2004@03:52:54.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaking) on 18 June 2013@05:10:45.

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