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Headword: Νόμος
Adler number: nu,484
Translated headword: law
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The expression has many names.[1]
And[2] "law" [sc. is mentioned] as something which brings rhythm and order to the best constitution; but "testimony", as something which bears witness to wrongdoers and exhibits the penalty for their transgression; but "statutes", as things which teach what is just and prohibit what is unjust and display those who do rightly as being just; but "commandment", as something authorizing the performance of what should be done and ordaining despotically; but "judgments", as being what exhibits and informs the verdicts -- he who observes them will gain benefits, while he who transgresses will be given up to punishments.
Greek Original:
Νόμος: πολυώνυμός ἐστιν ἡ λέξις. καὶ Νόμος μέν, ὡς τὴν ἀρίστην πολιτείαν ῥυθμίζων καὶ διατάττων: μαρτύρια δέ, ὡς τοὺς ἁμαρτάνοντας διαμαρτυρόμενος καὶ τῆς παραβάσεως τὴν τιμωρίαν ὑποδεικνύς: δικαιώματα δέ, ὡς διδάσκων τὸ δίκαιον καὶ ἀπαγορεύων τὸ ἄδικον καὶ τοὺς κατορθοῦντας ἀποφαίνων δικαίους: ἐντολὴ δέ, ὡς τὸ πρακτέον ἐντελλόμενος καὶ κελεύων δεσποτικῶς: κρίματα δέ, ὡς τὰς ψήφους ὑποδεικνὺς καὶ διδάσκων, τίνων μὲν ὁ φυλάττων τεύξεται ἀγαθῶν, τίσι δὲ ὁ παραβαίνων τιμωρίαις παραδοθήσεται.
Notes:
[1] cf. generally nu 478, nu 489, nu 481, nu 482, nu 483, nu 485, nu 486.
[2] The Suda's source now becomes Theodoret (PG 80, 996bc) on Psalms 18.8-10 LXX: "the law of the Lord is perfect, converting the soul; the testimony of the Lord is sure, making wise the simple; the statutes of the Lord are right, rejoicing the heart; the commandment of the Lord is pure, enlightening the eyes; the fear of the Lord is clean, enduring for ever; the judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether" (KJV).
Keywords: Christianity; constitution; definition; ethics; imagery; law; religion
Translated by: Marcelo Boeri on 1 July 2004@02:20:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (extensive changes to translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 1 July 2004@04:55:50.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 November 2005@09:55:26.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 17 June 2013@05:12:44.
David Whitehead (coding) on 19 May 2016@05:47:55.

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