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Headword: Νόθος
Adler number: nu,449
Translated headword: bastard
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] a stranger/foreigner.[1]
Being legitimate [is] a divine sort of thing in the production of offspring among human beings. For this reason he who does not have this [is called] νόθος , as being deprived of something divine [θεῖον ]; with the privative νο . From this [come] νόθα ["spurious things"] and by transference things that are simply foreign.[2]
Greek Original:
Νόθος: ὁ ξένος. θεῖόν τι τὸ γνήσιον ἐν τοῖς κατ' ἀνθρώπων τόκοις. διόπερ ὁ μὴ τοῦτ' ἔχων νόθος, οἷα ἐστερημένος τοῦ θείου: παρὰ τὴν νο στερητικήν. ἐντεῦθεν δὲ νόθα καὶ τὰ ἁπλῶς ξένα μεταφορικῶς.
Notes:
See also nu 447, nu 448.
[1] Likewise in ps.-Herodian 93.
[2] This etymological comment (of indeterminable origin) is not in all manuscripts of the Suda.
Keywords: children; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 13 February 2006@00:14:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 February 2006@03:12:17.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 14 June 2013@08:38:47.

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