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Headword: Νιφετός
Adler number: nu,439
Translated headword: snowstorm
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] quite thin descending snow. "There are four congealments of watery moisture in the air. Up above the earth, the lesser kind is snow, and the greater kind is hail. Down below on the earth, the lesser is hoar-frost, and the greater is frost. But a snowstorm is not congealment; rather its quality is of a different appearance."[1]
"So when the Scythian land is sprinkled often with a snowstorm, and it is impossible for them to live in any weather other than frozen."[2]
And elsewhere: "but for you, queen, being what you are, even the snowstorm chill bears fruit." [3]
Greek Original:
Νιφετός: ἡ κατάλεπτος καταφερομένη χιών. τέσσαρές εἰσι πήξεις τῆς ἐν τῷ ἀέρι ὑδατώδους πήξεως ὑγρότητος: ὑπὲρ γῆν μὲν ἄνω, ἐπ' ἔλαττον μὲν χιών, ἐπὶ πλέον δὲ χάλαζα: ἐπὶ γῆς δὲ κάτω, ἐπ' ἔλαττον μὲν πάχνη, ἐπὶ πλέον δὲ κρύσταλος: ὁ δὲ νιφετὸς πῆξις οὐκ ἔστιν, ἀλλὰ μᾶλλον περὶ τὴν ἀλλοίαν χροιὰν ἡ ποιότης αὕτη. ἅτε τῆς χώρας τῶν Σκυθῶν θαμὰ νιφετῷ παλυνομένης, καὶ ἀδύνατον ὂν αὐτοῖς ἄνευ κρυμώδους καταστήματος βιοτεύειν. καὶ αὖθις: ἐς δέ σ', ἄνασσα, τοίην χὠ νιφόεις κρυμὸς ὀπωροφορεῖ.
Notes:
The first paragraph of this entry is also in the Synagoge, Photius (nu229 Theodoridis) and Lexica Segueriana 309.10, and similarly elsewhere, including a scholion on Homer, Odyssey 4.566 (where the headword occurs).
[1] Quotation unidentifiable (but see under chi 5 for something broadly similar).
[2] Part of Menander Protector fr. 10.1 Blockley (= De Legationibus 7); cf. pi 120.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.252.5-6 (Antiphilus), on the gift of a quince, preserved in winter, to a noblewoman of high rank; cf. Gow and Page (vol. I, 92-93); (vol. II, 117); and further excerpts from this epigram at alpha 904, alpha 976, alpha 4212, kappa 2502, mu 934, pi 3074, and sigma 903.
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. I, (Cambridge, 1968)
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: The Garland of Philip and Some Contemporary Epigrams, vol. II, (Cambridge, 1968)
Keywords: definition; geography; historiography; imagery; poetry; science and technology; women
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 25 November 2009@06:54:06.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, keywords, status) on 25 November 2009@22:14:26.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 November 2009@03:25:37.
David Whitehead (updated n.2) on 3 January 2012@06:53:38.
David Whitehead (tweaked and expanded notes) on 10 June 2013@04:26:58.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 5 December 2014@23:45:54.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.3, added bibliography, added cross-references) on 18 April 2019@19:16:10.

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