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Headword: Νέωτα
Adler number: nu,241
Translated headword: next year
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the following year; that is, in the future.[1]
[It is derived], so they say, from ̔́εν , ̔́ενοστα , and by deletion of the s ̔́ἐνοτα , and by transposition of the e and lengthening of the omicron into omega νέωτα .[2] "A farmer is always rich next year."[3] Or [formed] out of νέως ["newly"], whence νεωστί ["recently"], νέωστα (like δή "so", δῆτα "so indeed" and ἐπεί "then", ἔπειτα "thereupon"), and by the elimination of the s νέωτα .[4] Something [encountered] anew, and lately.
Greek Original:
Νέωτα: τὸ ἐπιὸν ἔτος: ἤτοι εἰς τὸ μέλλον. παρὰ τὸ ἔνος φασιν, ἔνοστα, καὶ ἀπελεύσει τοῦ σ1 ἔνοτα, καὶ μεταθέσει τοῦ ε καὶ ἐκτάσει τοῦ ο εἰς ω νέωτα. αἰεὶ γεωργὸς ἐς νέωτα πλούσιος. ἢ ἐκ τοῦ νέως, ἐξ οὗ τὸ νεωστί, νέωστα, ὡς δή, δῆτα, ἐπεί, ἔπειτα, καὶ ἐκδρομῇ τοῦ σ1 νέωτα. τὸ ἐκ νέου, καὶ ἔναγχος.
Notes:
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica (references at Photius nu169 Theodoridis); and cf. epsiloniota 294.
[2] The derivation is also given in the Etymologicum Gudianum, the Etymologicum Magnum, and Lexicon αἰμωδεῖν ; the Etym.Magn. explicitly glosses ἔνος as ἐνιαυτός "anniversary". See generally this cluster of related terms in LSJ s.v.: ἔνος (A), "year"; ἔνος (B), "the day after tomorrow"; and ἕνος (C), "belonging to the former of two periods".
[3] Considered proverbial (already at alpha 608): Zenobius 2.43; attributed to Philemon fr. 82 Kock = part of 85 Kassel-Austin (through John Stobaeus), Theopompus fr. 1 Demiańczuk = 7 K.-A. (through Photius' Lexicon), Epicharmus fr. 233 Kaibel (but not in K.-A.).
[4] A more promising attempt; cf. Doric νέως "newly = next year", and the use of "new year" in English and Modern Greek (το νέο χρόνο ). Ps.Zonaras' derivation is also from νέος .
Keywords: agriculture; chronology; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; proverbs
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 5 September 2009@05:03:19.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, more keywords, status) on 5 September 2009@22:12:54.
Catharine Roth (cross-references) on 5 September 2009@22:15:52.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 13 September 2009@06:01:45.
David Whitehead on 7 June 2013@04:33:47.
David Whitehead (updated 2 refs) on 1 January 2015@07:55:16.
David Whitehead (another) on 2 January 2015@11:32:34.
David Whitehead (codings) on 19 May 2016@04:25:04.

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