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Headword: Μακεδόνιος
Adler number: mu,63
Translated headword: Makedonios, Macedonius
Vetting Status: high
This man displayed the most evil deeds against the Christians and set the capstone on[1] the evils which he had done: for learning that very many of the Novatian religion[2] belonged to the nation of the Paphlagonians,[3] and especially to Mantin[e]ion,[4] and realizing that it was not possible to drive out such a multitude by means of ecclesiastical men, he made four times as many soldiers to be sent against Paphlagonia by the authority of the emperor, so that from the fear of the great number they would accept the Arian opinion. But those there, out of zeal for their religion, took reckless action against the soldiers; [...] and when an encounter took place masses of the Paphlagonians fell, and of the soldiers all but a few. [...] On account of this he gave offense to the emperor, especially because he transferred the relics of Constantine the Great[5] (for the people tried to prevent this, saying that it was impious); and meeting in battle very many fell. But later Macedonius also was killed.
Greek Original:
Μακεδόνιος: οὗτος πλεῖστα ὅσα κακὰ κατὰ Χριστιανῶν ἐνεδείξατο καὶ τὸν κολοφῶνα τῶν κακῶν, οἷς ἔδρασεν, ἐπιτίθησι: πυθόμενος γὰρ κατὰ τὸ Παφλαγόνων ἔθνος πλείστους εἶναι τῆς Ναυατικῆς θρησκείας, καὶ μάλιστα κατὰ τὸ Μαντίνιον, συνιδών τε ὡς οὐχ οἷόν τε τοσοῦτον πλῆθος δι' ἐκκλησιαστικῶν ἀνθρώπων ἐλαύνεσθαι, τετραρίθ- μους στρατιώτας γνώμῃ τοῦ βασιλέως ἐπὶ τὴν Παφλαγονίαν πεμφθῆναι πεποίηκεν, ὅπως φόβῳ τῶν πλείστων τὴν Ἀρειανικὴν δόξαν προσδέξωνται. οἱ δὲ ἐκεῖσε ζήλῳ τῆς θρησκείας ἀπονοίᾳ κατὰ τῶν στρατιωτῶν ἐχρήσαντο: καὶ συμβολῆς γενομένης τῶν μὲν Παφλαγόνων συχνοὶ πίπτουσι, τῶν δὲ στρατιωτῶν πλὴν ὀλίγων πάντες. διὰ τοῦτο προσέκρουσε τῷ βασιλεῖ, ἄλλως τε καὶ ὅτι μετέθηκε τὰ λείψανα τοῦ μεγάλου Κωνσταντίνου: οἱ γὰρ λαοὶ διεκώλυον τοῦτο, ἀνόσιον εἶναι λέγοντες: καὶ συμβαλόντες μάχῃ πολλοὶ ὅσοι πίπτουσιν. ὕστερον δὲ καὶ καθῃρέθη ὁ Μακεδόνιος.
Lightly abridged from Socrates, Ecclesiastical History 2.38 (translation at web address 1). On Macedonius, Arian patriarch of Constantinople (342-360), see Catholic Encyclopedia entry at web address 2.
[1] For this image cf. generally kappa 1955.
[2] See under Nauatos (nu 50).
[3] In northern Asia Minor. See generally Stephen Mitchell in OCD(4) s.v., and cf. pi 826.
[4] Barrington Atlas map 86 grid C3.
[5] kappa 2284.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; Christianity; ethics; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 14 April 2009@01:08:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 14 April 2009@03:17:29.
David Whitehead on 29 April 2013@03:46:48.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@06:11:53.


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