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Headword: Μαλερόν
Adler number: mu,102
Translated headword: fierce
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] bright, ashy, strong, intense, weak, dry, keen.[1] "Fierce" fire [means] intense, or withering, strong. And "fierce midriff/mind" [means] weak and dry.[2]
"A fire-fan, defending fierce warmth."[3]
Greek Original:
Μαλερόν: λαμπρόν, σποδόεν, ἰσχυρόν, ὀξύ, ἀσθενές, ξηρόν, δριμύ. τὸ δὲ μαλερὸν πῦρ, τὸ ὀξύ, ἢ μαραντικόν, σφοδρόν. καὶ μαλερὰς φρένας, τὰς ἀσθενεῖς καὶ ξηράς. ῥιπίδα τὰν μαλερὸν θάλπος ἀμυνομέναν.
Given the glossing, the headword is neuter nominative/accusative singular (rather than masculine accusative singular) of the adjective μαλερός .
[1] Photius mu66 Theodoridis has the same glosses, though for the Suda's hapax σποδόεν Photius has σπουδαῖον "serious, severe" -- which Theodorides obelizes; see his discussion at vol.II p.LXVII. Hesychius mu171 has "intense, bright, strong, weak", as well as "withering"; "withering" is given by more ancient authorities (Philoxenus fr. 673, cited in Orion [Author, Myth] and the Etymologicum Magnum; scholia to Hesiod, Theogony 16; scholia to Oppian, Halieutica 1.300).
[2] LSJ s.v. μαλερός notes μαλερὸν πῦρ as an Homeric expression (Iliad 9.242, 20.316, 21.375). Photius loc.cit. also includes these examples. The seemingly contradictory meaning for μαλεραὶ φρένες is noted in LSJ only for this fragment (found only here and in Photius), which they attribute to Callimachus; it is Supplementum Hellenisticum 1087, and Lloyd-Jones and Parsons treat it as unattributable.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.207.4.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery; poetry
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 9 April 2009@11:22:29.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, keywords, status) on 9 April 2009@12:10:41.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 April 2009@03:05:21.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 18 October 2011@10:00:00.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 29 April 2013@05:25:41.


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