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Headword: Λύσιοι τελεταί
Adler number: lambda,867
Translated headword: deliverance rites, deliverance rituals
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] those of Dionysos. For when [the] Boeotians had been defeated by [the] Thracians and had fled into Trophonius' [domain],[1] he appeared in a dream and said that Dionysos would be their helper; [so] they got drunk, attacked the Thracians, set each other free, and established a shrine of Dionysos Lysios [Deliverer] -- according to Heraclides Ponticus.[2] But Aristophanes [says that the name came about] because of the Thebans' ransoming of the grapevine from the Naxians.[3]
Greek Original:
Λύσιοι τελεταί: αἱ Διονύσου. Βοιωτοὶ γὰρ ἁλόντες ὑπὸ Θρᾳκῶν καὶ φυγόντες εἰς Τροφωνίου, κατ' ὄναρ ἐκείνου Διόνυσον ἔσεσθαι βοηθὸν φήσαντος, μεθύουσιν ἐπιθέμενοι τοῖς Θρᾳξίν, ἔλυσαν ἀλλήλους, καὶ Διονύσου Λυσίου ἱερὸν ἱδρύσαντο, ὡς Ἡρακλείδης ὁ Ποντικός. Ἀριστοφάνης δὲ διὰ τὸ λυτρώσασθαι Θηβαίους παρὰ Ναξίων ἄμπελον.
Notes:
Likewise or similarly elsewhere: see the references at Photius lambda482 Theodoridis.
For 'rites' see generally tau 267.
[1] See generally tau 1065.
[2] Heraclides Ponticus fr. 155 Wehrli = 143 Schütrumpf.
[3] Probably (as Wentzel argued) the C4 BCE Boeotian historian of that name, though Jacoby does not list this as one of his [FGrH 379] fragments; instead the material has been attributed to Aristophanes of Byzantium (Paroemiae fr.10 Nauck).
Keywords: aetiology; agriculture; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; dreams; food; geography; historiography; history; proverbs; religion
Translated by: David Whitehead on 7 August 2007@05:51:08.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added keyword, set status) on 8 August 2007@02:29:27.
David Whitehead (augmented headword and notes) on 8 August 2007@03:17:40.
David Mirhady (updated ref.) on 2 September 2008@18:45:35.
David Whitehead on 24 April 2013@06:26:11.
David Whitehead on 17 May 2016@05:30:56.

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