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Headword: Λύζει
Adler number: lambda,789
Translated headword: sobs violently, wails, hiccups
Vetting Status: high
If [spelled] with a zeta, [it means] ὀλολύζει ["he/she/it cries aloud"];[1] but if without the a zeta [i.e. as λύει ], [it means] ἀλύει ["he/she/it is distraught"], that is, he/she/it is sorely troubled.[2] Or λύζει meaning he/she/it lets loose a kind of rough sound or contracts the thorax with a hiccup.[3] "Then he wails and weeps and speaks to his loved ones."[4]
Also in the Epigrams: "and wailing, mournful Eros let out a groan."[5]
Also [sc. attested is] λύγδην ["with violent sobs"], an adverb. From the [verb] λύζω ["I sob violently"].[6]
Greek Original:
Λύζει: ἐὰν μὲν διὰ τοῦ ζ, ὀλολύζει: ἐὰν δὲ χωρὶς τοῦ ζ, ἀλύει, τουτέστιν ἀδημονεῖ. ἢ λύζει, ἀντὶ τοῦ ποιὰν φωνὴν τραχεῖαν ἀφίησιν ἢ λυγμῷ συνέχεται. εἶτα λύζει καὶ δακρύει καὶ λέγει πρὸς τοὺς φίλους. καὶ ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: καὶ γοερὸν λύζων ἐστονάχησεν ἔρως. καὶ Λύγδην, ἐπίρρημα. ἐκ τοῦ λύζω.
The headword, evidently extracted from the first quotation given, is the present indicative active, third person singular (and present indicative middle/passive, second person singular), of the verb λύζω , I hiccup, sob violently, wail; see LSJ s.v.
[1] cf. lambda 778 for substantives derived from the headword verb (hiccup, spasmodic affection of the throat) and first glossing verb (a loud crying).
[2] From a scholion to Aristophanes, Acharnians 690 (web address 1).
[3] From another such scholion.
[4] The chorus-leader describes the plight of an old man in court at Aristophanes, Acharnians 690 (web address 1); cf. previous notes.
[5] Greek Anthology 7.218.12, Antipater of Sidon's epigram to the legendary hetaera, Lais of Corinth (Gow and Page, vol. I, p. 19; vol. II, pp. 52-3); cf. lambda 40, nu 16, and names of other Corinthian courtesans at epsilon 3266.
[6] cf. lambda 767.
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; imagery; law; poetry; women
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 10 July 2009@02:04:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 July 2009@03:28:55.
David Whitehead on 23 April 2013@03:46:14.
Catharine Roth (coding, upgraded link) on 24 April 2013@00:28:41.
David Whitehead (more coding) on 17 May 2016@05:02:50.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 26 January 2018@16:01:30.


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