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Headword: Λύζει
Adler number: lambda,789
Translated headword: sobs violently, wails, hiccups
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
If [spelled] with a zeta, [it means] ὀλολύζει ["he/she/it cries aloud"];[1] but if without the a zeta [i.e. as λύει ], [it means] ἀλύει ["he/she/it is distraught"], that is, he/she/it is sorely troubled.[2] Or λύζει meaning he/she/it lets loose a kind of rough sound or contracts the thorax with a hiccup.[3] "Then he wails and weeps and speaks to his loved ones."[4]
Also in the Epigrams: "and wailing, mournful Eros let out a groan."[5]
Also [sc. attested is] λύγδην ["with violent sobs"], an adverb. From the [verb] λύζω ["I sob violently"].[6]
Greek Original:
Λύζει: ἐὰν μὲν διὰ τοῦ ζ, ὀλολύζει: ἐὰν δὲ χωρὶς τοῦ ζ, ἀλύει, τουτέστιν ἀδημονεῖ. ἢ λύζει, ἀντὶ τοῦ ποιὰν φωνὴν τραχεῖαν ἀφίησιν ἢ λυγμῷ συνέχεται. εἶτα λύζει καὶ δακρύει καὶ λέγει πρὸς τοὺς φίλους. καὶ ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: καὶ γοερὸν λύζων ἐστονάχησεν ἔρως. καὶ Λύγδην, ἐπίρρημα. ἐκ τοῦ λύζω.
Notes:
The headword, evidently extracted from the first quotation given, is the present indicative active, third person singular (and present indicative middle/passive, second person singular), of the verb λύζω , I hiccup, sob violently, wail; see LSJ s.v.
[1] cf. lambda 778 for substantives derived from the headword verb (hiccup, spasmodic affection of the throat) and first glossing verb (a loud crying).
[2] From a scholion to Aristophanes, Acharnians 690 (web address 1).
[3] From another such scholion.
[4] The chorus-leader describes the plight of an old man in court at Aristophanes, Acharnians 690 (web address 1); cf. previous notes.
[5] Greek Anthology 7.218.12, Antipater of Sidon's epigram to the legendary hetaera, Lais of Corinth (Gow and Page, vol. I, p. 19; vol. II, pp. 52-3); cf. lambda 40, nu 16, and names of other Corinthian courtesans at epsilon 3266.
[6] cf. lambda 767.
References:
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. I, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965
A.S.F. Gow and D.L. Page, eds., The Greek Anthology: Hellenistic Epigrams, vol. II, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1965
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; imagery; law; poetry; women
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 10 July 2009@02:04:52.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 July 2009@03:28:55.
David Whitehead on 23 April 2013@03:46:14.
Catharine Roth (coding, upgraded link) on 24 April 2013@00:28:41.
David Whitehead (more coding) on 17 May 2016@05:02:50.
Catharine Roth (cosmeticule) on 26 January 2018@16:01:30.

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