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Headword: Λαχών
Adler number: lambda,171
Translated headword: having obtained
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] having received one's portion/share.[1]
Aristophanes [writes]: "before having received [your assigned share] you gobble down what belongs to the public".[2] That is, before having [a share] assigned by lot, before being voted [a share],[3] in advance of a distribution served, you grab. The metaphor [comes] from people at dinners who grab before being served.
Greek Original:
Λαχών: κληρωσάμενος. Ἀριστοφάνης: πρὶν λαχεῖν τὰ κοινὰ κατεσθίεις. τουτέστι πρὶν κληρωθῆναι, πρὶν χειροτονηθῆναι, πρὸ διανομῆς ἁρπάζεις. ἡ μεταφορὰ ἀπὸ τῶν ἐν τοῖς δείπνοις ἁρπαζόντων πρὸ διανομῆς.
Notes:
See also lambda 167, lambda 170.
[1] From the scholia to Homer, Odyssey 5.40, where the headword (aorist active participle of λαγχάνω , masculine nominative singular) occurs.
[2] Aristophanes, Knights 258, with comment from the scholia there. Here the demagogue Kleon (see kappa 1731) is being attacked verbally and physically by the chorus, who charge him with embezzlement.
[2] The scholiast carelessly equates here two different procedures in C5-BCE democratic Athens: (random) sortition and (deliberate) voting. The first seems alien to us but had a high place in the Athenian democratic hierarchy of political values; cf. kappa 1785, kappa 1786.
Keywords: biography; comedy; constitution; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; food; history; imagery; law; politics
Translated by: Oliver Phillips ✝ on 11 January 2005@14:39:49.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 11 January 2005@21:18:42.
David Whitehead (tweaks to translation; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 12 January 2005@03:14:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 18 October 2005@06:33:01.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 20 November 2005@10:17:47.
David Whitehead on 4 April 2013@03:35:25.

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