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Headword: *kaqhmaceume/nos
Adler number: kappa,82
Translated headword: wagon-crushed
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he who has been] trampled, stripped bare.[1]
Aelian [writes]: "[sc. she was] a woman from Syria and wagon-crushed by every comer. For she was a well-known courtesan and more passionate in licentiousness than those in the mimes, and with her postures appearing to the general view enticing the audience to the passions of the body, and extending the people, and whatever [was] with the people,[2] towards a swinish and manic wantonness."[3]
Greek Original:
*kaqhmaceume/nos: tetrimme/nos, e)ggegumnasme/nos. *ai)liano/s: gu/naion e)k *suri/as kai\ kaqhmaceume/non u(po\ panto\s tou= prosio/ntos. e(tai/ra ga\r h)=n e)mfanh\s kai\ tw=n e)n toi=s mi/mois di' a)kolasi/an peripaqeste/ra toi=s te fainome/nois e)s th\n koinh\n o)/yin sxh/masin e)kkaloume/nh tou\s o(rw=ntas e)s ta\ pa/qh tou= sw/matos, kai\ katatei/nousa to\n dh=mon, kai\ o(/son meta\ tou= dh/mou, pro\s suw/dh tina\ kai\ manikh\n a)se/lgeian.
[1] The headword is perfect middle/passive participle of kaqamaceu/w, masculine nominative singular. Grammarians discuss whether this verb should have a theta or a tau as its second consonant (i.e. whether the word for wagon should be a(/maca or a)/maca) and most other lexica opt for the latter: see the references at Photius kappa469 Theodoridis. Either way, if this masculine nominative singular is quoted from somewhere, it is not independently attested.
[2] This presumably means the non-citizen population of the (unnamed) city in question.
[3] Aelian fr. 126b Domingo-Forasté (123 Hercher). It uses neuter gu/naion for 'woman', and hence the neuter of the relevant participle.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; imagery; women; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 21 March 2008@00:24:21.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 21 March 2008@04:40:22.
David Whitehead (expanded notes; more keywords) on 21 January 2013@07:59:22.
Catharine Roth (betacode cosmeticule) on 25 January 2013@23:00:14.
Catharine Roth (updated reference) on 2 June 2013@02:19:46.
David Whitehead (tweaked a note) on 29 April 2016@03:30:04.


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