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Headword: *ka/sos
Adler number: kappa,458
Translated headword: Kasos, Casus
Vetting Status: high
"Of [ = among] Romans, at any rate, the man that prevailed in single combat used to be wrapped with a crown of dog's tooth grass;[1] and Kasos was unconquered." Aelian says [this].[2]
Greek Original:
*ka/sos: *(rwmai/wn gou=n o( nikh/sas th\n mouna\c ma/xhn a)nedei=to stefa/nw| a)grw/stews: kai\ h)=n *ka/sos a)/maxos. fhsi\n *ai)liano/s.
The headword, evidently extracted from the quotation given, is problematic. It is the name of a small (64 km. sq.) island at the southern end of the Dodecanese chain, between Crete and Rhodes; but clearly that is inappropriate here. A personal name would be apt, though Toup's suggestion of Kossos was declared rash by Adler; perhaps Krassos (cf. omicron 354)? Hercher printed kle/os ("renown").
[1] Dog's tooth grass, a)/grwstis (cf. LSJ s.v.), which appears in the genitive singular in the quotation, is Cynodon dactylon or Bermuda grass. This turf and forage grass is native to northern Africa, southern Europe, and Asia (Tutin, p. 259; Polunin, no. 1801), but gets its common modern name from having propagated so invasively on the island of Bermuda.
[2] Aelian fr. 120 Hercher (123d Domingo-Forasté), unplaced; cf. delta 233, pi 2054; and mu 1286.
T.G. Tutin, et al., eds, Flora Europaea, vol. 5, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1980
O. Polunin, Flowers of Europe, London: Oxford University Press, 1969
D. Domingo-Forasté, ed., Clavdii Aeliani: Epistvlae et Fragmenta, Teubner: Stuttgart and Leipzig, 1994
Keywords: biography; botany; clothing; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 21 February 2008@01:06:33.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation and keywords; augmented notes) on 21 February 2008@08:24:31.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 29 January 2013@03:33:19.
Catharine Roth (updated reference) on 13 June 2013@01:28:56.


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