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Headword: Κύτταρος
Adler number: kappa,2786
Translated headword: cell
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The covering of the acorn,[1] where the acorn sits.[2]
The receptacle of the acorn, or the blossom-end of the pomegranate, or the receptacle and perforation in the honecombs of bees.[3]
Or the highest part of the sky; for they say that the sky is concave, just like the shell of an egg. The most concave and the most recessed.[4]
Greek Original:
Κύτταρος: τὸ πῶμα τῆς βαλάνου, ὅπου ἐγκάθηται ἡ βάλανος. ἡ τῆς βαλάνου πυελίς, ἢ τὸ προεξάνθημα τῆς ῥοιᾶς, ἢ ἡ ἐν τοῖς κηρίοις τῶν μελιττῶν πυελὶς καὶ κατάτρησις. ἢ τὸ ὑψηλότατον τοῦ οὐρανοῦ: λέγουσι γὰρ κοῖλον εἶναι τὸν οὐρανόν, ὥσπερ τοῦ ᾠοῦ τὴν λεπίδα. τὸ κοιλότατον καὶ μυχαίτατον.
Notes:
This entry seems to consist of information gathered in order to explain three Aristophanic passages where forms of the headword occur: Wasps 1111 (web address 1), Thesmophoriazusae 519 (web address 2), and Peace 199 (web address 3). The scholia to all three provide a mixture of information some of which is more appropriate to either of the other two contexts. The same word is glossed (from much the same sources) in the next entry, kappa 2787.
[1] cf. the scholia to Thesmophoriazusae 519; Hesychius kappa4747, epsilon7647. Here and throughout, the word used for acorn, ba/lanos, can also refer to the glans of the penis, and one is never completely sure either here or in the other sources which one is meant.
[2] A scholion to Peace 199 says that Eratosthenes ascribes the view to Lycophron that the headword refers to the thing where αἱ φηγοί ('oaks' or 'acorns') sit, only to dispute that in favor of the notion that that they are the cells of wasps.
[3] = Photius kappa1267 Theodoridis (see also kappa1268, kappa1269, kappa1270); cf. Pollux 7.147, Hesychius kappa4747. Concerning 'the blossom-end of the pomegranate', Hesychius kappa4745 ascribes this definition to the word κύτινοι (cf. Photius kappa1271). Perhaps some confusion has arisen with a another definition for the current headword ascribed to Theophrastos: that it refers to the first-bloom (προάνθησις ) of the pine (Historia Plantarum 3.3.8; see kappa 2787).
[4] This part of the definition applies most directly to Peace 199.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: agriculture; botany; comedy; definition; economics; food; gender and sexuality; imagery; medicine; poetry; science and technology; stagecraft; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 7 March 2008@06:34:21.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (x-ref; tweaks and cosmetics) on 7 March 2008@06:56:31.
William Hutton (augmented notes) on 7 March 2008@07:21:09.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 25 March 2013@09:45:21.

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