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Headword: Κρωβύλος
Adler number: kappa,2488
Translated headword: top-knot
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the hairstyle of children.[1]
Also the hairdo which those who wore the golden cicada used to criticize,[2] a band, an adornment, the woven adornment of the hair.
In the Epigrams: "of the same age are top-knot and the tresses, which the four-year-old revel wove for Phoebus the songster."[3]
Xenophon [writes]: "they had leather helmets similar to Paphlagonian ones, with a top-knot in the middle almost tiara-shaped."[4]
Strictly speaking a top-knot is a kind of hairdo, according to Thucydides.[5]
Greek Original:
Κρωβύλος: ὁ μαλλὸς τῶν παιδίων. καὶ ὁ πλόκαμος, ὃν διέβαλλον οἱ τὸν χρυσοῦν τέττιγα φοροῦντες, ἀνάδημα, κόσμος, ὁ τῶν τριχῶν πεπλεγμένος κόσμος. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: ἅλικες αἵ τε κόμαι καὶ ὁ κρωβύλος, ἃς ἀπὸ Φοίβῳ πέξατο μολπαστᾷ κῶμος ὁ τετραέτης. Ξενοφῶν: εἶχον δὲ κράνη σκύτινα οἷά περ τὰ Παφλαγονικά, κρωβύλον ἔχοντα κατὰ μέσον, ἐγγυτάτω τιαροειδῆ. Κρωβύλος κυρίως εἶδος ἐμπλοκῆς ἐστι κατὰ Θουκυδίδην.
Notes:
cf. kappa 2489, epsilon 1257.
[1] = Photius, Lexicon kappa1125 Theodoridis; cf. Hesychius kappa4266, Synagoge, etc.
[2] A misunderstanding of Thucydides 1.6.3 (web address 1), where the golden cicada is a pin used to fasten the top-knot; both pin and top-knot are part of what Thucydides describes as an old-fashioned style of personal adornment. Contrast epsilon 1257.
[3] Greek Anthology 6.155.1-2 (Theodoridas). Apparently in the poem Krobylos ('Top-knot') is the proper name of a four-year-old boy (κῶρος ), rather than a four-year-old revel (κῶμος ). For Krobylos as a proper name see Aeschines 1.64 (web address 2) with Harpokration s.v. κρωβύλος , Ἡγήσιππος (= Photius, Etymologicum Magnum 418.46); Etym.Magn. 541.33; omicron 1091, tau 599.
[4] Xenophon, Anabasis 5.4.13 (web address 3), in reference to the Mossynoikoi; cf. sigma 722.
[5] For this last sentence cf. especially Harpocration s.v. κρωβύλος .
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: biography; children; clothing; daily life; definition; economics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; poetry; politics; religion; rhetoric; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 22 June 2008@04:19:06.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 22 June 2008@05:34:43.
William Hutton (corrected my own accentuation errors) on 3 July 2008@06:46:57.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 18 March 2013@07:49:05.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 2 May 2016@09:41:13.

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