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Headword: Κρονικαὶ λῆμαι
Adler number: kappa,2467
Translated headword: old-fashioned blindspots, old-fashioned eye-rheums
Vetting Status: high
A proverbial saying, just like the [sc. one which says] "having one's eyes running with cooking-pots and pumpkins."[1] Used of people who are dim-sighted.
"Being purblind in the mind with old-fashioned opinions",[2] or rather, with reasoning blinded by ancient foolishnesses, that is, being dim-sighted. Rheum is a congealed teardrop, which injures the eyes when it sets in. So [Aristophanes] is indicating reasoning that is blinded, as if it has rheums.
Greek Original:
Κρονικαὶ λῆμαι: παροιμία: ὥσπερ τό, χύτραις λημῶν καὶ κολοκύνταις. ἐπὶ τῶν ἀμβλυωπούντων. κρονικαῖς γνώμαις λημῶν τὴν φρένα, ἤγουν ἀρχαίαις μωρίαις ἐσκοτισμένε τὸ φρονεῖν, τουτέστιν ἀμβλυωπῶν. λήμη δέ ἐστι τὸ πεπηγὸς δάκρυον, ὅπερ ἐπικαθεζόμενον βλάπτει τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς. σημαίνει οὖν τὸ τετυφλωμένε τὰς φρένας, ὥσπερ οἱ τὰς λήμας ἔχοντες.
The headword phrase (which did, as claimed, become proverbial: see Diogenianus 6.63) is generated from Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 581 (web address 3 below); and the entry as a whole draws on that line -- never actually quoted here -- and the scholia to it. See again at lambda 447; cf. chi 614; and see also the scholia to Aristophanes, Clouds 327.
[1] For these terms see web addresses 1 and 2 below.
[2] A loose paraphrase of the Aristophanic line, from the scholia.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: botany; comedy; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; imagery; medicine; proverbs
Translated by: Yukai Li on 21 May 2009@16:38:18.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link, keyword, status) on 25 May 2009@11:53:01.
David Whitehead (modified headword and tr; recast and augmented notes; more keywords) on 10 August 2009@03:42:02.
David Whitehead on 18 March 2013@06:18:47.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 21 March 2013@15:54:21.
David Whitehead on 14 November 2013@06:32:27.


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