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Headword: Κωφόν
Adler number: kappa,2308
Translated headword: blunt, dumb, deaf
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning something] noiseless, weak, dull.[1]
"For the arrow of a cowardly man is blunt." By a metaphor [taken] from the use in reference to hearing to [that in reference to] touch.[2]
Greek Original:
Κωφόν: ἄηχον, ἀσθενές, ἀμβλύ. κωφὸν γὰρ βέλος ἀνδρὸς ἀνάλκιδος. κατὰ μεταφορὰν ἀπὸ τοῦ κατὰ τὴν ἀκοὴν ἐπὶ τὴν ἁφήν.
Notes:
[1] Neuter singular of this adjective (for which cf. kappa 2309, kappa 2310), taken to be quoted from Homer: see below, and next note. Same or similar glossing in other lexica (see the references in Photius kappa1335 Theodoridis) and cf. the D scholia to Homer, Iliad 11.390 (quoted later in the entry).
[2] Homer, Iliad 11.390 (web address 1) with scholion A (Aristonicus). The scholiast assumes that "deaf" is the basic meaning of κωφός . LSJ indicate that the basic meaning is "blunt, dull"; the meaning is transferred to deafness, dumbness, and lack of intelligence.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery; medicine; military affairs
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 25 February 2009@23:41:00.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1 and keywords; tweaks) on 26 February 2009@03:01:22.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 15 March 2013@09:19:44.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 15 March 2013@21:56:06.

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