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Headword: Κολασσαεῖς
Adler number: kappa,1932
Translated headword: Kolassaians, Colassaeans
Vetting Status: high
[A name for] the Rhodians, who erected on the island a bronze statue of the sun, which because of its size they called Kolossos,[1] in the reign of Seleukos son of Nikanor,[2] successor of Alexander of Macedon [ = Alexander the Great].[3]
In Epigrams:[4] "for you yourself the habitants of Dorian Rhodos did stretch out this Kolossos towards Olympos [Myth, Place, Place], o Sun, a bronze one, when having laid to sleep the wave of Enyo[5] they garlanded the fatherland with the spoils of their ill-wishers".[6]
Greek Original:
Κολασσαεῖς: οἱ Ῥόδιοι: οἵ τινες ἀνέστησαν ἐν τῇ νήσῳ χαλκοῦν ἀνδριάντα τοῦ ἡλίου, ὃν διὰ τὸ μέγεθος ἐκάλεσαν Κολοσσόν, ἐπὶ Σελεύκου τοῦ Νικάνορος υἱοῦ, διαδόχου Ἀλεξάνδρου τοῦ Μακέδονος. ἐν Ἐπιγράμμασι: αὐτῷ σοι πρὸς Ὄλυμπον ἐμακύναντο Κολοσσὸν τόνδε Ῥόδου ναέται Δωρίδος, Ἀέλιε, χάλκεον, ἥνικα κῦμα κατευνάσαντες Ἐνυοῦς ἔστεψαν πάτραν δυσμενέων ἐνάροις.
See also kappa 1931.
[1] In latinized spelling Colossus.
[2] Seleukos I Nikator, king of Asia: sigma 202.
[3] This first paragraph of the entry is abridged from George the Monk, Chronicon 285.15-22.
[4] Greek Anthology 6.171.1–4.
[5] The goddess of war and companion of Ares (epsilon 1502).
[6] Demetrios I Poliorketes besieged Rhodes for over a year (305-304 BCE), but the Rhodians survived and commemorated their success with this statue by Chares of Lindos.
Keywords: art history; Christianity; chronology; definition; ethics; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; mythology; poetry; religion; trade and manufacture
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 3 August 2002@06:03:19.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added keywords) on 3 August 2002@09:59:13.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 3 August 2002@10:02:23.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 4 August 2002@04:45:43.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 7 March 2013@03:27:19.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 November 2014@01:25:26.


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