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Headword: Knizôn
Adler number: kappa,1874
Translated headword: scratching
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Used] with an accusative. [Meaning someone] distressing, or cutting.[1]
From the [verb] knw=, [meaning] I cut/strike. This [comes] from knw= ["I grate"], [that is] kinw= ["I move"]. *knw= [gives] knh/qw ["I scratch"] [and] kni/zw, [meaning] I scrape thinly from the surface.[2]
"But with a scratching plow scraping [the soil] with small clods."[3]
Greek Original:
Knizôn: aitiatikêi. lupôn, ê temnôn. para to knô, to koptô. touto para to knô, to kinô. knô, knêthô, knizô, to ex epipolês kai ischnôs xuô. all' arotrôi brachubôlon epiknizonti charassôn.
Notes:
For the headword see also kappa 1875, epsilon 514, epsilon 515.
[1] Present participle (masculine nominative singular), similarly glossed in other lexica; evidently quoted from somewhere (probably Theocritus, Idylls 6.25; cf. the scholia thereto).
[2] Herodian the grammarian, in Eustathius' Commentary on the Odyssey 1745.64 and 1746.12. On hypothetical monosyllabic verbs, see phi 394 (Philoxenos of Alexandria).
[3] Greek Anthology 6.238.3 (Apollonides). Other excerpts from this epigram appear at pi 1940 and pi 1946.
Keywords: agriculture; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery; poetry
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 18 October 2003@01:34:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added x-ref; cosmetics) on 18 October 2003@07:18:43.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 6 October 2005@11:27:39.
Catharine Roth (added cross-references) on 21 November 2006@01:04:02.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 21 November 2006@03:02:17.
Catharine Roth (modified translation, added keyword) on 21 November 2006@10:47:00.
David Whitehead on 5 March 2013@06:33:29.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 March 2013@00:19:40.
David Whitehead (tweak) on 1 May 2016@09:49:23.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 9 May 2016@01:00:04.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 20 December 2016@13:46:47.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 30 September 2019@00:26:10.
Catharine Roth (cross-references) on 30 September 2019@00:29:55.

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