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Headword: Κηφήν
Adler number: kappa,1561
Translated headword: drone
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the wild bee.[1]
[Meaning someone] idle, unsuccessful, fickle.[2]
"Belisarius said with a laugh: '[it is] not right that the drones are destroyed by others with a great effort, while others benefit from the honey on the basis of no travail'."[3] He said this to protect the booty, so that it would be properly distributed.
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "[like] stingless drones", [meaning like] those sitting and guarding the exit of the bees. For guards [are] ouroi. So kouthouroi [are] those guarding the doors.[4] From this, too, a man capable of doing nothing is said to be [sc. a drone].[5]
Greek Original:
Κηφήν: ἡ ἀγρία μέλισσα. ἀργός, ἄπρακτος, μετέωρος. ὅτι Βελισάριος ξὺν γέλωτι εἶπεν: οὐ δίκαιον τοὺς κηφῆνας μὲν ὑφ' ἑτέρων πόνῳ μεγάλῳ ἀπόλλυσθαι, ἄλλους δὲ τοῦ μέλιτος οὐδεμιᾷ ταλαιπωρίᾳ ὀνίνασθαι. τοῦτο δὲ εἶπε φυλάσσων τὴν λείαν, ὅπως ἀξίως διανέμοιτο. καὶ Κηφήνεσι κουθούροισι, τοῖς καθεζομένοις καὶ φυλάττουσι τὴν τῶν μελισσῶν ἔξοδον. οὖροι γὰρ οἱ φύλακες. κούθουροι οὖν οἱ τὰς θύρας φυλάσσοντες. λέγεται δὲ ἐκ τούτου καὶ ἄνθρωπος ὁ μηδὲν δρᾶν δυνάμενος.
Notes:
See also kappa 1910, kappa 2176. ('Kephenes', an old name for the Persians noted by Herodotus 7.61.2-3, is unconnected.)
[1] cf. the scholia to Plato, Laws 901A.
[2] Same or similar glossing in other lexica; see the references at Photius kappa685 Theodoridis.
[3] Procopius, History of the wars of Justininan 6.7.34. For Belisarius see generally beta 233.
[4] From Timaeus, Platonic Lexicon (and Photius); cf. the scholia to Plato, Laws 901A.
[5] cf. the scholia to Plato, Republic 552B.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; food; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 June 2009@05:40:35.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 12 June 2009@10:43:00.
David Whitehead (augmented primary note) on 14 June 2009@04:19:10.
David Whitehead on 22 February 2013@09:25:09.

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