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Headword: Κηλόνειον
Adler number: kappa,1513
Translated headword: swipe, swing-beam
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] crane.
Greek Original:
Κηλόνειον: τὸ γεράνιον.
Notes:
LSJ s.v. κηλώνειον [sic] I: a device for drawing water. Defined with the Suda's spelling κηλόνειον in ps.-Zonaras, Gennadius Scholarius' Grammar, the Etymologicum Gudianum and the Etymologicum Magnum. In ps.-Zonaras: "But κηλόνειον is a crane: Spelled with a short (omicron) and a diphthong (ει ). ... a piece of wood tilting backwards and forwards."
The lexica contrast their κηλόνειον with κηλώνιον "stallion" (Herodian, Partitions p. 65 Boissonade; ps.-Zonaras, Gennadius Scholarius, the Etymologicum Magnum, kappa 1517) or "burned by the gadfly = sexually excited" (Etymologicum Gudianum). The word is not attested in that meaning, but both senses are derived from κήλων : LSJ s.v. I "swipe, swing-beam" (as here), LSJ s.v. II "he-ass (Archilochus), stallion (lexica)" (kappa 1516).
Even if the "stallion" meaning of κηλών[ε]ιον ever existed, the spelling distinction is probably artificial. Our attested texts use κηλώνειον and κηλώνιον to mean "swing-beam" (in gardening, or sieges): κηλώνιον : Apollodorus of Damascus, Poliorcetica p. 162 Wescher; Apollonius, Homeric Lexicon s.v. κῆλα , Hesychius s.v. κηλώνια ; κηλώνειον : Aristophanes fr. 679 Edmonds, Pollux 7.143, Hesychius s.v., Aristotle, Mechanica 857a, 857b, Menander, Dyscolus 536, Aeneas Tacticus 39.7.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; imagery; science and technology; trade and manufacture; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 16 November 2008@09:43:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added keywords, set status) on 16 November 2008@22:35:00.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 17 November 2008@05:25:23.
David Whitehead on 21 February 2013@04:52:41.
Catharine Roth (coding, keyword) on 2 March 2015@01:24:04.

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