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Headword: Καχεξία
Adler number: kappa,1152
Translated headword: ill-health
Vetting Status: high
Also [sc. attested is the related participle] καχεκτοῦντες ["they being in ill health"], [meaning] they managing their condition (ἕξις ) badly (κακῶς ),[1] they being sick. Polybius [writes]: "the courage of Perseus was exhausted by toil and time, just like that of athletes in ill-health. For when the danger approached, and it was his duty to fight a decisive battle, his courage broke down."[2]
Greek Original:
Καχεξία. καὶ Καχεκτοῦντες, κακῶς τὴν ἕξιν διατεθειμένοι, ἀσθενοῦντες. Πολύβιος: ὁ δὲ Περσεὺς προσαγόμενος τὸν χρόνον καὶ τὸν πόνον ἐξελύετο τῇ ψυχῇ, καθάπερ οἱ καχεκτοῦντες τῶν ἀθλητῶν: ὅτε γὰρ τὸ δεινὸν ἐγγίζοι καὶ δέοι κρίνεσθαι περὶ τῶν ὅλων, οὐχ ὑπέμεινε τῇ ψυχῇ.
The headword itself is unglossed. See also kappa 1151.
[1] The lexicographer gives the correct etymology: kak- + hexis "bad condition" > "illness".
[2] Polybius 29.17.4, a fragment preserved only in the Suda (web address 1).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: athletics; biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; imagery; medicine; military affairs
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 14 October 2008@08:57:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 October 2008@09:29:36.
David Whitehead on 11 February 2013@09:44:10.


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