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Headword: Ἰσοκράτης
Adler number: iota,653
Translated headword: Isocrates, Isokrates
Vetting Status: high
Son of Amyclas the philosopher, of Apollonia in Pontus[1] (or Heraclea, according to Callistratus); the orator.[2] Pupil and successor of the great Isocrates;[3] he also studied with the philosopher Plato. This Isocrates took part in a rhetorical contest with Theodectes, the orator and tragic poet,[4] and Theopompus of Chios,[5] and also with Erythraeus of Naucratis,[6] to give the funeral speech for Mausolus, the king of Halicarnassus.[7] His speeches are five: Amphictyonic Speech; Protreptic; On Not Making a Tomb for Philip;[8] On Being Resettled;[9] On His Own Political Career[10].
Greek Original:
Ἰσοκράτης, Ἀμύκλα τοῦ φιλοσόφου, Ἀπολλωνίας τῆς ἐν τῷ Πόντῳ, ἢ Ἡρακλείας, ὡς Καλλίστρατος ὁ ῥήτωρ: μαθητὴς καὶ διάδοχος τοῦ μεγάλου Ἰσοκράτους, διακούσας δὲ καὶ Πλάτωνος τοῦ φιλοσόφου. οὗτος δὲ ὁ Ἰσοκράτης καὶ Θεοδέκτῃ τῷ ῥήτορι καὶ τραγῳδιοποιῷ καὶ Θεοπόμπῳ τῷ Χίῳ, ἅμα τῷ Ἐρυθραίῳ Ναυκρατίτῃ διηγωνίσατο περὶ λόγων εἰς τὸν ἐπιτάφιον Μαυσώλου τοῦ βασιλέως Ἁλικαρνασσοῦ. καὶ λόγοι αὐτοῦ ε#: Ἀμφικτυωνικός, Προτρεπτικός, Περὶ τοῦ τάφον μὴ ποιῆσαι Φιλίππῳ, Περὶ τοῦ μετοικισθῆναι, Περὶ τῆς ἑαυτοῦ πολιτείας.
This Isocrates is not in the OCD (or the RE). He was also known simply as the Apollonian. See theta 138; Harpocration s.v. ἐπακτὸς ὅρκος .
([1] Ignore this automatic link, which refers to the Illyrian Apollonia.)
[2] Or (with Adler's punctuation) 'according to Callistratus the rhetor'; but this epithet (applied to the Athenian orator mentioned e.g. in delta 454) is not appropriate for the historian of Heraclea (RE Kallistratos (39); FGrH 433), and is not applied to him in phi 393.
[3] [iota 652] Isocrates. See Speusippus, Letter to Philip 11, 14.
[4] [theta 138] Theodectes.
[5] [theta 172] Theopompus.
[6] An error for Naucrates of Erythrae (RE Naukrates (2)).
[7] The funeral games for Mausolus were held in 353. See Flower pp.56-57.
[8] Boehnecke [Bd.1 p.477] deduced from the title that this work was an attack on Philip II of Macedon, whose memory the Apollonian sought to suppress by arguing that no tomb should be erected to honor him. The Apollonian was motivated by the love he bore Isocrates, whose cherished hopes of Philip had been dashed at Chaeronea. Preferable, however, is the interpretation of Sykutris (Bickermann and Sykutris p.74) that sees the work as praising Philip's achievements in order to render his reputation immortal, as Isocrates foreshadowed in his address To Philip, 134, 143. See web address 1 and web address 2
[9] Blass (pp.449-450) deduced that Amyclas had been banished from Heraclea by the tyrant Clearchus and went with his son to live in Apollonia. Perhaps the title of this work refers to the resettlement of the family in Apollonia. Blass felt that the work may be the same as the περὶ τοῦ κατοικισμοῦ Μιλησίοις falsely attributed to Isocrates the Athenian. Apollonia was a Milesian colony.
[10] Or On the government of his own city ; the word πόλεως being understood after ἑαυτοῦ . The Greeks did not usually encourage autobiographical works as they were considered a form of self-glorification (periautologia).
Bickermann, E. and J. Sykutris, Speusipps Brief an Konig Philipp. Berichte uber die Verhandlungen der Sachsischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Leipzig. Philologisch - historische Klasse. Bd. 80 (3), 1928
Blass, F., Die attische Beredsamkeit, zweiter Abtheilung: Isokrates und Isaios, 2nd ed. Leipzig: Teubner, 1892 pp.449-451
Boehnecke, K., Demosthenes, Lykurgos, Hypereides und ihr Zeitalter. Berlin: Reimer, 1864
Flower, M., Theopompus of Chios, Oxford: O.U.P. 1994 (1997) pp.53-54
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; geography; history; philosophy; politics; religion; rhetoric; tragedy
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 20 October 2000@01:47:35.
Vetted by:
Tony Natoli on 28 October 2000@00:55:59.
Tony Natoli (expanded and added notes; added bibliography; cosmetic changes.) on 28 October 2000@01:05:57.
Tony Natoli on 28 October 2000@01:07:48.
Tony Natoli on 29 October 2000@00:11:35.
David Whitehead (restorative and other cosmetics) on 13 September 2002@07:04:17.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@10:13:39.
David Whitehead (added a note, at the prompting of Claude Desplanques) on 12 February 2008@04:44:27.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 15 January 2013@08:04:51.
Catharine Roth (coding, tweaked betacode, adjusted links) on 17 February 2019@22:52:06.


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