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Headword: Γαστήρ
Adler number: gamma,68
Translated headword: belly, stomach
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the gut/intestine. Homer throughout calls [sc. this body-part] bellies, not guts/intestines.[1]
And [sc. there is] a proverb: "you cite for me the belly, noblest reproach of all, when full it is lighter, but heavy when empty;" [applied] to those who are gluttonous.[2]
But "belly" is what David called the storehouse of one's thoughts. "My eye was troubled in spirit, my soul and my belly."[3]
Greek Original:
Γαστήρ: ἡ κοιλία. Ὅμηρος διαπαντὸς γαστέρας καλεῖ οὐ κοιλίας. καὶ παροιμία: γαστέρα μοι προφέρεις, κάλλιστον ὄνειδος ἁπάντων, ἡ πλήρης μὲν ἐλαφροτέρη, κενεὰ δὲ βαρεῖα: ἐπὶ τῶν γαστριμαργούντων. Γαστέρα δὲ ὁ Δαβὶδ τὸ τῶν λογισμῶν ταμεῖον ἐκάλεσεν. ἐταράχθη ἐν θυμῷ ὁ ὀφθαλμός μου, ἡ ψυχή μου καὶ ἡ γαστήρ μου.
[1] cf. generally sigma 543.
[2] Diogenianus 3.85.
[3] Theodoret (PG 80, 1080c) on Psalm 30:10 LXX.
Keywords: Christianity; daily life; definition; epic; ethics; food; imagery; medicine; proverbs; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 20 June 2002@20:01:27.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 21 June 2002@01:25:18.
David Whitehead (added note and keyword; cosmetics) on 24 June 2002@03:09:34.
David Whitehead (modified note) on 6 June 2003@08:48:09.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 15 June 2011@09:16:12.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 22 August 2012@21:04:33.
David Whitehead on 27 September 2015@06:48:27.


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