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Headword: Γυμνῆται
Adler number: gamma,482
Translated headword: light-armed [troops]
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The nominative [singular is] γυμνήτης ,[1] and [the plural] γυμνῆται .[2]
[It means a] troop of infantrymen.
Xenophon [writes]: "Cheirisophos commanded the expedition taking the [manpower] around him, all the light-armed; for there seemed to be no danger."[3]
Also [sc. attested is] γυμνήτης , [meaning] he who has been stripped bare.
"[...] who once eked out a stripped-down [γυμνήτην ] life in a masculine spirit."[4]
Another way to say it is γυμνής , [genitive] γυμνῆτος , [meaning] of a hoplite.[5]
And elsewhere: "light-armed men also followed, about 400 of them who had been selected in order to build roads in the inaccessible places."[6]
Greek Original:
Γυμνῆται. ἡ εὐθεῖα ὁ γυμνήτης, καὶ οἱ γυμνῆται. τάξις πεζῶν. Ξενοφῶν: ὁ δὲ Χειρίσοφος ἡγεῖτο τοῦ στρατεύματος λαβὼν τὸ ἀμφ' αὑτὸν, τοὺς γυμνήτας ἅπαντας: οὐδεὶς γὰρ κίνδυνος ἐδόκει εἶναι. καὶ Γυμνήτης, ὁ γεγυμνωμένος. ὅς ποτε θυμῷ ἄρσενι γυμνήτην ἐξεπόνει βίοτον. λέγεται καὶ Γυμνής, γυμνῆτος, ὁπλίτου. καὶ αὖθις: εἵποντο δὲ καὶ γυμνῆτες ἐς υ# ἀποκεκριμένοι ὡς ὁδοποιεῖν τὰ ἄβατα.
Notes:
[1] The headword is in the nominative plural (a form that is about to be repeated). The word literally means 'one who goes nude'.
[2] This first sentence is omitted by mss FV (so Adler) and is absent in the derivative entry in ps.-Zonaras (457).
[3] Xenophon, Anabasis 4.1.6, here highly abridged (web address 1).
[4] Greek Anthology 7.65.1-2.
[5] An apparent absurdity, since a hoplite is by definition heavily armed and armored (omicron 466). The Lexicon Ambrosianum, Adler reports, reads ἄοπλος ('unarmored') here. Jonathan Toup suggested οὐχ ὁπλίτου ('not a hoplite').
[6] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: athletics; biography; clothing; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; poetry; science and technology
Translated by: William Hutton on 12 July 2003@08:44:28.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified and supplemented translation; added x-ref; cosmetics) on 13 July 2003@05:28:54.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks) on 7 March 2011@04:54:00.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 12 June 2012@03:38:24.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 20 October 2012@01:17:19.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 30 September 2015@03:27:56.

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