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Headword: Ἥφαιστος
Adler number: eta,661
Translated headword: Hephaistos, Hephaestus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the god [sc. of that name] and fire.[1]
When Hermes was ruling in Egypt[2] and died, Hephaistos inherited the kingdom, for 1680 days: which was 4 years, 7 months, 8 days. For then the Egyptians did not know how to count time in years, but applied the term "year" to a period of a day. He was mystic and warlike: therefore they even called him a god. He was at war and struck his foot and became lame. He established for the Egyptians the custom [or: law] of good sense [or: self control]: for their women did not know how to be monogamous.[3] By a mystic prayer he received the tongs from the air, by which he made weapons for war and agricultural instruments from iron: for before his time they made war with cudgels and stones.
Greek Original:
Ἥφαιστος: ὁ θεὸς καὶ τὸ πῦρ. ὅτι Ἑρμοῦ βασιλεύσαντος εἰς Αἴγυπτον καὶ θανόντος, Ἥφαιστος παραλαμβάνει τὴν βασιλείαν, ἡμέρας #22αχπ#: ὡς γίνεσθαι ἔτη δ#, μῆνας ζ#, ἡμέρας η#. οὐκ ᾔδεισαν γὰρ τότε Αἰγύπτιοι ἐνιαυτοὺς μετρῆσαι, ἀλλὰ τὴν περίοδον τῆς ἡμέρας ἐνιαυτὸν ἔλεγον. ἦν δὲ μυστικὸς καὶ πολεμικός: διὸ καὶ θεὸν αὐτὸν ἐκάλουν: ὅστις πολεμῶν ἐπλήγη τὸν πόδα καὶ γέγονε χωλός. ἔθηκε δὲ καὶ νόμον τοῖς Αἰγυπτίοις σωφροσύνης: οὐκ ᾔδεισαν γὰρ μονανδρεῖν αἱ τούτων γυναῖκες. ὑπὸ δὲ μυστικῆς εὐχῆς τὴν ὀξυλάβην ἀπὸ τοῦ ἀέρος ἐδέξατο, δι' ἧς κατεσκεύασεν ἀπὸ σιδήρου ὅπλα πολεμικὰ καὶ γεωργικὰ ἐργαλεῖα: πρὸ γὰρ αὐτοῦ μετὰ ῥοπάλων καὶ λίθων ἐπολέμουν.
Notes:
[1] Same glossing in other lexica, including Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon, and similarly in several Homeric scholia.
[2] cf. epsilon 3038; and for the source of what now follows see already eta 235.
[3] Again at mu 1213.
Keywords: agriculture; chronology; epic; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; imagery; mathematics; medicine; military affairs; mythology; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture; women
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 13 June 2000@13:10:54.
Vetted by:
William Hutton on 13 June 2000@22:57:03.
David Whitehead (added notes; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 27 May 2003@05:36:19.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 2 October 2005@11:17:14.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; cosmetics) on 28 March 2011@09:43:58.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaking) on 21 December 2012@06:40:20.
David Whitehead on 21 December 2012@06:41:05.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 April 2015@23:32:48.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 22 September 2018@01:32:54.

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