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Headword: Ἡράκλεις
Adler number: eta,470
Translated headword: Herakles!, Heracles!
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
An exclamation of amazement.[1]
But Ἥρακλες [is] the vocative case,[2] as ὦ Δάματερ [vocative] differs from ἡ Δήμητερ [nominative].[3]
And they call upon the Heracleidae similarly. Menander [writes]: "now o Heracleidae and gods!"[4]
Greek Original:
Ἡράκλεις: ἐπίφθεγμα θαυμαστικόν. τὸ δὲ Ἥρακλες κλητικὴ πτῶσις, ὥσπερ τὸ ὦ Δάματερ τοῦ ἡ Δήμητερ διαφέρει. ἐπικαλοῦνται δὲ τοὺς Ἡρακλείδας ὁμοίως. Μένανδρος: ἀλλ' ὦ Ἡρακλεῖδαι καὶ θεοί.
Notes:
= Photius, Lexicon eta222 Theodoridis (Aelius Dionysius eta14). See also eta 469.
[1] cf. scholion on Plato, Meno 91C.
[2] The vocative is Ἡράκλεις as at eta 469.
[3] The Attic nominative is Δημήτηρ ; Doric, Arcadian, and Boeotian is Δαμάτηρ ; Δωμάτηρ is attested in Aeolic. In the vocative the last vowel is short, Δήμητερ or Δάματερ . See also delta 426, delta 427.
[4] Menander fr. 893 Kock, 546 K.-A.
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; mythology; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 30 July 2006@22:17:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 31 July 2006@03:04:18.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 19 December 2012@04:18:16.
David Whitehead (expanded notes) on 29 August 2013@09:11:01.
David Whitehead on 23 April 2016@08:15:07.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 3 July 2016@00:54:45.

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