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Headword: Ἡρακλείδης
Adler number: eta,463
Translated headword: Herakleides, Heraclides
Vetting Status: high
Son of Heraclides; of Pontus, from Heraclea in Pontus. Grammarian. He attended the school of the famous Didymus[1] in Alexandria. When he heard that Aper, the pupil of Aristarchus,[2] was achieving distinction in Rome, and that Didymus was widely denigrated, he wrote 3 books in sapphics or phalaecians, difficult to understand and posing serious difficulties in the questions to which they gave rise; he called them Leschai.[3] He took them to Rome and outshone Aper; he remained there as head of school under Claudius and Nero. He also wrote many epic poems.
Greek Original:
Ἡρακλείδης, Ἡρακλείδου, Ποντικός, ἀπὸ Ἡρακλείας τῆς Πόντου, γραμματικός: ὅστις Διδύμῳ τῷ πάνυ κατὰ τὴν Ἀλεξανδρέων ἐφοίτησεν. οὗτος ἐπειδὴ ἤκουσεν Ἄπερως, τοῦ Ἀριστάρχου μαθητοῦ, εὐδοκιμοῦντος κατὰ τὴν Ῥώμην, πολλά τε τοὺς Δίδυμον διασύροντας, ἔγραψε μέτρῳ Σαπφικῷ ἤτοι Φαλαικίῳ βιβλία γ#, δυσερμήνευτα καὶ πολλὴν τὴν ἀπορίαν ἔχοντα προβαλλομένων ζητημάτων, ἅτινα Λέσχας ἐκάλεσεν. εἰς Ῥώμην δὲ κομίσας καὶ τοῦ Ἄπερως καταφανεὶς κατέμεινε σχολαρχῶν ἐν αὐτῇ ἐπὶ Κλαυδίου καὶ Νέρωνος. ἔγραψε δὲ καὶ ποιήματα ἐπικὰ πολλά.
C1 AD. See generally RE Herakleides(49); OCD4 Heraclides(5). [Not to be confused with eta 461 = OCD4 Heraclides(1).]
[1] delta 872: Didymus.
[2] alpha 3892: Aristarchus. Aper [RE Aper(6)], not otherwise attested, is possibly an error for Anteros, identified as a contemporary of Heraclides in alpha 2634. Anteros is described as a pupil of Apion Mochthus, not Aristarchus; but the reference to Aristarchus must be a mistake in any case (no pupil of Aristarchus, who died shortly after he left Alexandria in 145 BC, could still have been active under Claudius).
[3] See lambda 308.
Keywords: biography; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; geography; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 2 March 2001@23:30:30.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 September 2002@05:45:32.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 December 2012@03:54:38.
David Whitehead (updated some refs) on 1 August 2014@09:39:28.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 12 September 2018@17:24:01.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 13 September 2018@01:23:59.


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