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Headword: Ἠλέκτωρ
Adler number: eta,201
Translated headword: beaming
Vetting Status: high
The sun.[1]
The sun is a star shining during daytime.[2]
The word is ἠλέκτωρ because it is never-ceasing [ἄληκτος ] and never-tiring. However, the basic meaning is "wholly spherical". Some derive it from the brightness of amber [elektron]; or because it awakes us from sleep, [they derive it] from ἀλέκτωρ ["rooster"]. For this creature [is] multiply-salacious, since it awakes us from our beds [lektra]. "When early-born, rosy-fingered dawn appeared, [Telemachos] rose from his bed."[3]
Greek Original:
Ἠλέκτωρ: ὁ ἥλιος. ἥλιος δέ ἐστιν ἄστρον ἡμεροφανές. λέγεται δὲ ἠλέκτωρ, ὅτι ἄληκτός ἐστι καὶ ἀκάμας. ἀλλ' ἡ ἐτυμότης ὅλη σφαιρική. ἔνιοι δὲ ἀπὸ τῆς λαμπρότητος τοῦ ἠλέκτρου: ἢ ὅτι ἐγείρει ἡμᾶς ἀπὸ τοῦ ὕπνου ἀπὸ τοῦ ἀλέκτορος. πολυόχευτον γὰρ τὸ ζῷον, ὅτι ἐκ τῶν λέκτρων ἡμᾶς ἐγείρει. ἦμος δ' ἠριγένεια φάνη ῥοδοδάκτυλος ἠώς, ὄρνυτ' ἄρ' ἐξ εὐνῆφιν.
[1] An Homeric gloss -- cf. the scholia to Homer, Iliad 6.513, where the headword appears -- from the Synagoge (cf. e.g. Photius s.v., Etymologicum Magnum 425.31, Apollonius Sophistes, Homeric Lexicon 83.20). Elsewhere this word is used to denote fire (Empedocles 22.2).
[2] Aristotle, Topica 142b1-2; cf. [Plato] Definitions 411B.
[2] Homer, Odyssey 2.1-2.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; imagery; mythology; philosophy; poetry; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Antonella Ippolito on 15 March 2006@17:09:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes and keywords) on 16 March 2006@05:29:03.
David Whitehead on 12 December 2012@07:34:37.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 20 November 2014@19:23:35.
David Whitehead on 21 November 2014@02:48:01.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 8 April 2015@18:10:41.


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