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Headword: Εἰκός
Adler number: epsiloniota,83
Translated headword: probable
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] fitting, or consequent, reasonable. It is also applied to possibility [sc. of something].[1]
"Of those who had overpowered Caesar, he did not pursue any; as it seems to me and as probability implies, because they could not capture them or they were afraid of running aground in the shallows."[2]
And elsewhere: "and these reports on the preceding events had been brought to him and both seemed to turn out according to probability."[3]
And elsewhere: "and he was admirable for other [kinds of] virtue, and for this, because even in good fortune conceding reasonableness to the law of nature, he did not exceed in prosperity what went beyond the customary.[4]
"For it is probable that one who undertakes the deed will suffer harm;" like Pindar's phrase, "doing something also to suffer harm."[5]
And Herodotus [writes]: "as I myself think and probability allies itself with me, [Demaratos] was not favorably disposed to the Lacedaemonians.[6]
"The blows of the machines being borne towards probability were nullified."[7]
Greek Original:
Εἰκός: πρέπον, ἢ ἀκόλουθον, εὔλογον. λαμβάνεται δὲ καὶ ἐπὶ τοῦ τάχα. τῶν τοῦ Καίσαρος κρατησάντων, οὐκ ἐπεδίωξάν τινα: ὡς μὲν ἐμοὶ δοκεῖ καὶ τὸ εἰκὸς συμβάλλεται, ὅτι μὴ καταλαβεῖν αὐτοὺς ἐδύναντο ἢ ἐφοβήθησαν ἐξοκεῖλαι εἰς τὰ βράχη. καὶ αὖθις: ταῦτά τε ἐπὶ τοῖς πρόσθεν ἐξηγγέλθη αὐτῷ καὶ ἄμφω τῷ εἰκότι ξυμβαίνειν ἐδόκει. καὶ αὖθις: καὶ ἦν τῇ τε ἄλλῃ ἀγαστὸς ἀρετῇ, καὶ ταύτῃ, διότι κἀν ταῖς εὐπραγίαις τῷ τῆς φύσεως θεσμῷ τὸ εἰκὸς ἀποδιδούς, οὐ πέρα τοῦ νενομισμένου τῇ εὐτυχίᾳ ἐπεξῄει. εἰκὸς γὰρ ἐγχειροῦντα πράσσειν κακῶς: παρὰ τὸ Πινδαρικόν, ῥέζοντά τι καὶ παθεῖν κακόν. καὶ Ἡρόδοτος: ὡς μὲν ἐγὼ δοκέω καὶ τὸ εἰκὸς ἐμοὶ συμμάχεται, οὐκ ἦν εὔνοος Λακεδαιμονίοισι. τῶν μηχανημάτων δ' αἱ πληγαὶ φερόμεναι πρὸς τὸ εἰκὸς ἐξελύοντο.
[1] The headword is the neuter singular participle of ἔοικα (epsiloniota 85, epsiloniota 86, epsiloniota 88, epsiloniota 89). For the glosses cf. omicron 853, omega 250.
[2] Cassius Dio 49.4.1.
[3] Quotation unidentifiable.
[4] Adler attributed this quotation to either Damascius or Aelian; it is now Damascius Life of Isidore fr. 333 Zintzen.
[5] Sophocles, Electra 1026 (web address 1), with scholion; Pindar, Nemean 4.52, where παθεῖν ἔοικεν "is likely to suffer" should be read (web address 2).
[6] Herodotus 7.239.2 (web address 3).
[7] Quotation not identified by Adler but identifiable via the TLG as a close approximation of Josephus, Jewish War 7.314, with πρὸς εἶκον ('towards a point of least resistance'; for the idiom cf. Plutarch, Fabius 16.2) for the Suda's πρὸς τὸ εἰκός . See web address 4, and Theodoridis' Photius edition, vol.II p.LXXXV.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; poetry; science and technology; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 24 August 2005@22:53:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked translation; augmented notes) on 25 August 2005@04:15:13.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, link) on 25 August 2005@11:47:21.
David Whitehead (updated n.4) on 21 March 2011@04:41:30.
David Whitehead (expanded n.7) on 11 October 2011@05:01:40.
Catharine Roth (typo, upgraded links) on 11 October 2011@14:47:10.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 23 November 2012@06:06:11.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 27 January 2014@09:45:50.
Catharine Roth (tweak) on 27 January 2014@21:47:03.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 3 April 2018@01:41:42.


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