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Headword: Ἐχενηί̈ς
Adler number: epsilon,3991
Translated headword: ship-securer
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A kind of little fish, which is not eaten; it has the size of a gudgeon and 4 fins. Some use it for charms and lawsuits. It took the name from the [ability] to restrain ships in motion; it is also called naukrates ['ship-master']. Saint Basil speaks about it.[1]
[sc. also attested is the term] 'Naukratian fish'.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἐχενηί̈ς: γένος ἰχθυδίου, ὅ ἐστιν ἄβρωτον: μέγεθος δ' ἔχει κωβιοῦ καὶ πτέρυγας δ#. χρῶνται δέ τινες αὐτῷ πρὸς φίλητρα καὶ δίκας. εἴληφε δὲ τὸ ὄνομα ἀπὸ τοῦ ἔχεσθαι τῶν θεουσῶν νηῶν: ὃ καὶ ναυκράτης καλεῖται. ὁ ἅγιος Βασίλειος περὶ τούτου φησίν. Ναυκρατίτης ἰχθύς.
Notes:
For this headword in a different sense see already epsilon 3990. The fish of the present entry is mentioned by Aristotle and others.
[1] Basil of Caesarea, Homilies on the Hexaemeron 7.6 (PG 29.161C).
[2] Addendum lacking, Adler reports, in mss AVG and a marginal addition in M. Whoever added it seems to have thought that 'Naukratian fish' uses a variant of naukrates; but it might relate instead to the port of Naukratis in Egypt (nu 57, nu 58).
Keywords: Christianity; daily life; definition; food; geography; imagery; law; medicine; science and technology; zoology
Translated by: Ryan Stone on 6 February 2008@22:57:47.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (revised tr; notes; more keywords; cosmetics) on 7 February 2008@06:21:00.
David Whitehead (tweaked tr) on 8 September 2008@04:34:38.
David Whitehead on 21 November 2012@03:36:51.
David Whitehead (expansions to notes) on 22 March 2016@04:39:41.

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