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Headword: *)esxedi/azon
Adler number: epsilon,3258
Translated headword: they were improvising
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] they were making ready.[1]
Or they were speaking on the spur of the moment.
Josephus [writes]: "they were being improvised to give pleasure to those who were inciting the war."[2]
And Polybios [writes]: "[...] and [that] they had simply improvised and made a mess of everything continuously from beginning to end."[3]
Greek Original:
*)esxedi/azon: h(toi/mazon. h)\ e)k tou= paratuxo/ntos e)/legon. *)iw/shpos: toi=s de\ to\n po/lemon e)ca/yasin e)sxedia/zonto pro\s h(donh/n. kai\ *polu/bios: a(plw=s de\ pa/nta kata\ to\ sunexe\s e)k th=s a)rxh=s a)/xri te/lous e)sxedia/sqai kai\ dihmarth=sqai.
[1] = Synagoge epsilon883; Photius, Lexicon epsilon2052. The headword is imperfect indicative active, first person singular or third person plural; the latter if it is quoted from Appian, Civil War 4.10.78 (on makeshift ladders). (Büttner-Wobst includes the form as a lemma in the text of his Polybios fr. 46 (520), but it is a different form of the verb that is actually ascribed to Polybios - see note 3 below.) The Suda has expanded this basic entry with two quotations that employ the headword verb sxedia/zw (sigma 1772, sigma 1773, sigma 1774) in middle/passive forms, with the alternative sense provided in the second gloss.
[2] Josephus, Jewish War 2.650 (web address 1).
[3] Polybios fr. 46 Büttner-Wobst; cf. sigma 1773. Here the verb is perfect middle/passive infinitive (e)sxedia/sqai).
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig 1904)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; military affairs; rhetoric
Translated by: William Hutton on 3 February 2008@11:08:08.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (added link, set status) on 3 February 2008@23:09:12.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 4 February 2008@03:13:47.
William Hutton (augmented note 1) on 4 February 2008@05:21:28.
William Hutton (tweak of n. 1) on 4 February 2008@07:44:03.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 2 November 2012@07:10:47.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 May 2015@00:58:29.
Ronald Allen (reworded and expanded n.1, added bibliography, expanded n.3) on 17 October 2018@22:27:34.


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