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Headword: Ἔσφηλε
Adler number: epsilon,3241
Translated headword: toppled
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning he/she/it] destroyed.[1]
"He did not topple another like Crassus and those with him."[2]
Meaning [he/she/it] made to topple.
Greek Original:
Ἔσφηλε: κατέβαλεν. ἄλλον δὲ οὐχ ὥσπερ Κράσσον τε καὶ τοὺς ξὺν ἐκείνῳ ἔσφηλεν. ἀντὶ τοῦ σφαλῆναι ἐποίησεν.
The headword is aorist indicative active, third person singular, of σφάλλω , a verb which can have both intransitive ('fall') and transitive ('cause to fall') meanings; see LSJ s.v.; the latter, underlined by the supplementary gloss, is what is illustrated here; cf. sigma 1716. The headword might be extracted here from the quotation appended, but there are notable alternatives (e.g. Thucydides 2.87.3).
[1] Likewise in Hesychius (who also gives the 'made to topple' gloss) and other lexica.
[2] Arrian, Parthica fr. 22 (preserved only here). For Crassus cf. alpha 2721, pi 30.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs
Translated by: William Hutton on 29 January 2008@01:16:08.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics; augmented notes and keywords) on 29 January 2008@03:45:19.
David Whitehead on 2 November 2012@06:07:39.
David Whitehead (expanded notes) on 18 February 2016@04:13:39.


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