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Headword: Ἐθηλύνθην
Adler number: epsilon,323
Translated headword: I was emasculated, I was enervated, I was weakened
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] I was bewitched.
"Like iron in a tempering-bath, I was emasculated in the mouth." In tempering, the iron is not softened,[1] but is made hard; so a distinction must be made as follows. For I myself, [Ajax] is saying, who threatened and seethed and made noises like iron in a tempering-bath, am now emasculated by the words of my wife; or because the iron is bathed two ways; for if they want it to be soft, they bathe it in oil, but if hard, in water.[2]
Greek Original:
Ἐθηλύνθην: ἐκηλήθην: βαφῇ σίδηρος ὡς ἐθηλύνθην στόμα. ἐν τῇ βαφῇ οὐκ ἀνίεται ὁ σίδηρος, ἀλλὰ σκληρύνεται: οὕτως οὖν διασταλτέον, κἀγὼ γάρ, φησίν, ὃς ἠπείλουν καὶ ἔζεον καὶ ἐβόων ὡς ἐν βαφῇ σίδηρος, νῦν ἐθηλύνθην ὑπὸ τῶν λόγων τῆς γυναικός: ἢ ὅτι δισσῶς βάπτεται ὁ σίδηρος: εἰ μὲν γὰρ μαλθακὸν βούλονται αὐτὸν εἶναι, ἐλαίῳ βάπτουσιν, εἰ δὲ σκληρόν, ὕδατι.
Sophocles, Ajax 651 (web address 1), with -- after the opening gloss (for which cf. kappa 1515) -- comment from the scholia there. The passage is quoted again, more fully, at pi 1281.
The headword, which generated the comment, is first person singular, aorist indicative passive, of the verb θηλύνω ; see generally LSJ s.v.
[1] ἀνίεται ; see LSJ for renderings "relax, dissolve, slacken".
[2] Again at sigma 376 (end).
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; imagery; science and technology; trade and manufacture; tragedy; women
Translated by: George Mallon on 4 July 2006@19:05:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword and aspects of translation; streamlined notes; added more keywords) on 5 July 2006@05:34:24.
Catharine Roth (adjusted note numbers) on 5 July 2006@12:03:13.
David Whitehead (more adjustments) on 6 July 2006@03:10:44.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference, updated link) on 24 November 2011@18:42:12.
David Whitehead (more keywords; raised status) on 25 November 2011@03:19:47.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 31 July 2012@04:11:32.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 27 January 2014@05:26:01.


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