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Headword: *)eph=|ren
Adler number: epsilon,2201
Translated headword: excited, incited, stirred up, urged on
Vetting Status: high
[Used] instead of a)ne/peisen ["he/she/it persuaded"], h)re/qisen ["he/she/it roused"].[1]
"Love, therefore, having united them incited them even against the tyrant Phalaris."[2] And elsewhere: "this man he cured, and urged on to produce comedies again".[3]
Greek Original:
*)eph=|ren: a)nti\ tou= a)ne/peisen, h)re/qisen. o( toi/nun e)/rws sumpneu/sas kai\ kata\ tou= tura/nnou *fala/ridos e)ph=|ren au)tou/s. kai\ au)=qis: tou=ton i)a/sato, kai\ kwmw|di/ais dida/skein au)=qis e)ph=|ren.
[1] The headword is imperfect of e)pai/rw, third person singular (distinguished from the aorist only by the iota subscript); cf. epsilon 1977, epsilon 2195, epsilon 2197. It is illustrated by both of the quotations given, though not necessarily generated by either of them: Latte on Hesychius epsilon4581, which has the first of the Suda's two glosses, claims the source as the Septuagint (4 Kingdoms 14.10).
[2] Aelian fr. 203c Domingo-Forasté (202 Hercher). The lovers referred to here are Chariton and Melanippos. The story of the attempt by these men on the life of the Sicilian tyrant Phalaris is told by Aelian, Varia Historia 2.4. The plot failed, but Phalaris displayed clemency by allowing the lovers to live in exile. Phalaris ruled Akragas c.570-554 BCE. See alpha 1812, alpha 2634, sigma 1501, phi 43.
[3] Part of Aelian fr. 102 Domingo-Forasté (99 Hercher). In reference to Asclepius and the Athenian comic poet Theopompus; see theta 171.
Dunbabin, T.J., The western Greeks. Oxford: O.U.P., 1948, pp.321-322
Freeman, E.A., History of Sicily. Oxford: O.U.P., 1891, v.2 pp.72-74
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; gender and sexuality; history; medicine; poetry; religion
Translated by: Tony Natoli on 14 December 2001@22:32:26.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 16 December 2001@08:04:10.
Catharine Roth (added a breathing) on 13 July 2003@22:22:16.
David Whitehead (typo) on 14 July 2003@02:41:31.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 11 September 2007@01:28:21.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1; another keyword; cosmetics) on 9 October 2012@07:17:48.
Catharine Roth (updated references) on 18 October 2012@01:53:12.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 October 2014@23:14:00.
David Whitehead (more coding) on 26 January 2016@03:08:19.


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