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Headword: Ἔνθεσις
Adler number: epsilon,1360
Translated headword: mouthful
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] bit, morsel. Aristophanes [writes]: "if only you would disgorge the mouthful as easily as you found [it]". In reference to those who have enjoyed unexpected esteem. The "you found" [part], that of overcoming something by labour and toil, is[1] proof of the judgement and discrimination of the labourer; but "to find" is simply a matter of contingent good luck, and not[2] an instance of the judgement of the finder. Thus [the phrase is used] not of someone who has succeeded in what he achieved by foresight, but simply of someone who found a finding.
Greek Original:
Ἔνθεσις: ὁ ἄκολος, ὁ ψωμός. Ἀριστοφάνης: εἴθε φαύλως, ὥσπερ εὗρες, ἐκβάλοις τὴν ἔνθεσιν. ἐπὶ τῶν παρὰ προσδοκίαν εὐδοκιμησάντων. τὸ δὲ εὗρες, τὸ καμάτῳ καὶ πόνῳ περιγενέσθαι τινός, τῆς τοῦ κάμνοντος γνώμης καὶ προαιρέσεως ἐστὶν ἔλεγχος: τὸ δὲ εὑρεῖν ἁπλῶς τῆς παρασχούσης τύχης, καὶ [οὐ] τῆς τοῦ εὑρόντος γνώμης ἔργον. ὡς οὐκ ἐκ προνοίας κατορθώσαντος, ἃ διεπράξατο, ἀλλ' ἁπλῶς εὑρόντος τὸ εὕρεμα.
Aristophanes, Knights 404 (on Kleon [kappa 1731] and bribes), with scholion. See web address 1, and cf. epsilon 3675, phi 145, omega 141.
[1] Meaning: ought to be.
[2] The "not" is a textual supplement by Bernhardy, from the scholia; and cf. epsilon 3675.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; comedy; daily life; definition; economics; ethics; food; imagery; politics
Translated by: David Whitehead on 4 May 2007@06:14:54.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 8 May 2007@01:40:42.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 8 May 2007@02:57:16.
Catharine Roth (keyword, link, status) on 15 September 2011@13:00:31.
David Whitehead on 27 August 2012@06:38:40.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 27 January 2014@06:30:51.


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