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Headword: *)egkrufi/as
Adler number: epsilon,131
Translated headword: ash-baked
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] loaf of bread covered in wood-ash. The 3 measures of flour, out of which the e)gkrufi/as was made, alludes to the three-day burial of the Bread of Life.
Greek Original:
*)egkrufi/as: a)/rtos e)n spodw=| kekrumme/nos. ta\ de\ g# me/tra th=s semida/lews, e)c w(=n o( e)gkrufi/as e)gi/neto, th\n trih/meron tou= a)/rtou th=s zwh=s tafh\n u(paini/ttetai.
Comment on Genesis 18.6 LXX (Abraham bids Sarah make bread for the visiting angels); again at sigma 218. Adler does not identify the source, but it is identifiable via the TLG as John of Damascus, Homilia in sabbatum sanctum PG 96.624.
See also Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 3.110B (3.74 Kaibel), who writes of o( par' *)Attikoi=s e)gkrufi/as, i.e. 'in Attic writers' (though Gulick in the Loeb edition renders the phrase 'of the Athenians'). He also says that 'Alexandrians' had such bread, provided for all-comers in 'the temple of Kronos'.
Keywords: Christianity; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; imagery; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 25 April 2005@21:18:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented note; cosmetics) on 26 April 2005@03:20:43.
David Whitehead (source identification; more keywords) on 11 March 2011@09:39:44.
Catharine Roth (cosmetic) on 11 March 2011@17:54:33.
David Whitehead (expanded note; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 July 2012@03:35:28.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 15 January 2015@00:41:54.
David Whitehead (coding and other cosmetics) on 4 December 2015@09:22:56.


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