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Headword: Χύτροι
Adler number: chi,622
Translated headword: Pots
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A festival at Athens; on a single day both the Pitchers and the Pots used to be held; in it they would boil every [kind of] seed in a pot and sacrifice it to Dionysus and to Hermes.[1] Theopompus says that those who had been saved from the flood boiled a pot of every kind of seed, whence the festival is thus named, and that they sacrificed in the Pitchers [festival] to Chthonic Hermes; but that no one eats from the pot. [He says] those who had been saved did this, propitiating Hermes on behalf of those who died also.[2]
Greek Original:
Χύτροι: ἑορτὴ Ἀθήνησιν: ἐν μιᾷ δὲ ἡμέρᾳ ἤγοντο οἵ τε Χύτροι καὶ οἱ Χόες: ἐν ᾧ πᾶν σπέρμα εἰς χύτραν ἑψήσαντες ἔθυον Διονύσῳ καὶ Ἑρμῇ. Θεόπομπός φησι τοὺς διασωθέντας ἐκ τοῦ κατακλυσμοῦ ἕψειν χύτρα πανσπερμίας, ὅθεν οὕτω κληθῆναι τὴν ἑορτήν, καὶ θύειν τοῖς Χοῦσιν Ἑρμῇ Χθονίῳ: τῆς δὲ χύτρας οὐδένα γεύσασθαι. τοῦτο δὲ ποιῆσαι τοὺς περισωθέντας, ἱλασκομένους τὸν Ἑρμῆν καὶ περὶ τῶν ἀποθανόντων.
Notes:
From scholia to Aristophanes, Acharnians 1076 (web address 1), where the festival is mentioned; see also the scholia to Aristophanes, Frogs 218 (web address 2).
[1] For the Pitchers festival, Choes, see chi 369 and chi 370. Both the Pots and the Pitchers are parts of the Anthesteria, on which see alpha 2500, theta 598.
[2] FGrH 115 F347. For this worldwide flood, associated with the name of Deucalion, cf. beta 478, theta 114, nu 24, tau 71, upsilon 68. As Jacoby notes, a longer version of the citation of Theopompus in the scholia to Frogs 218 makes it clear that θύειν τοῖς Χοῦσιν Ἑρμῇ Χθονίῳ ('that they sacrifice in the Pitchers to Chthonic Hermes'), both here and in the scholia to Acharnians 1076, is a mistake for θύειν αὐτοῖς ἔθος ἔχουσιν ... Ἑρμῇ Χθονίῳ ('it is customary for them in the course of the festival (sc. the Pots) to sacrifice ... to Chthonic Hermes').
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: aetiology; agriculture; botany; chronology; comedy; daily life; definition; ethics; food; geography; historiography; mythology; poetry; religion
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 6 April 2008@03:32:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaked headword and tr; augmented notes and keywords) on 6 April 2008@10:20:37.
William Hutton (tweaked translation, augmented notes, added link and keywords, raised status) on 6 April 2008@10:53:11.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 14 November 2013@06:56:49.

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