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Headword: Χρῆμα
Adler number: chi,473
Translated headword: matter; thing
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning an] issue, or possession, wealth, substance, income.[1]
"The little house was gloomy and misshapen and in the summer season perticularly unsuitable, so that the thing seemed to be a prison."[2]
And elsewhere: "[the chamberlain] quaked and stormed in every respect to such an extent that Salmoneus of myth seemed a little thing compared to him."[3]
Julian [writes]: "we ran about the Hercynian forest and I saw an extraordinary thing. Therefore, taking heart, I promise you I never saw such a thing nor do we know so many things in the [land] of the Romans, but whether someone thinks Thessalian Tempe was impassible or the land in Thermopylae, or great and enormous Tauros, let it be [considered] trifling in terms of difficulty when compared to the name "Hercynian"."[4]
And Eunapius [writes]: "he mustered his strength, urging on the matter of passage and forcing himself even though he did not have a body [to match] his good spirit."[5]
Greek Original:
Χρῆμα: πρᾶγμα, ἢ κτῆμα, πλοῦτος, οὐσία, λῆμμα. τὸ δὲ δω- μάτιον ζοφῶδες ἦν καὶ ἀδιατύπωτον καὶ ὥρᾳ θέρους ἐς τὰ μάλιστα ἀναρμόδιον, ὡς δοκεῖν εἶναι τὸ χρῆμα εἱρκτήν. καὶ αὖθις: ὁ δὲ κατέσεισεν ἅπαντα καὶ κατεβρόντησεν ἐς τοσοῦτον, ὥστε ὁ τοῦ μύθου Σαλμωνεὺς μικρόν τι χρῆμα πρὸς αὐτὸν ἦν. Ἰουλιανός: περὶ τὴν Ἑρκυνίαν ὕλην ἐθέομεν, καὶ εἶδον ἐγὼ χρῆμα ἐξαίσιον. ἰδοὺ γοῦν σοι θαρρῶν ἐγὼ ἐγγυῶμαι μήποτε ὦφθαι τοιοῦτον μηδὲ ὅσα γε ἴσμεν ἡμεῖς ἐν τῇ Ῥωμαίων, ἀλλ' εἴτε τὰ Θετταλικὰ Τέμπη δύσβατα νομίζει τις, εἴτε τὰ ἐν Θερμοπύλαις, εἴτε τὸν μέγαν καὶ διωλύγιον Ταῦρον, ἐλάχιστον ἔστω χαλεπότητος ἕνεκα πρὸς τὸ Ἑρκύνιον τοὔνομα. καὶ Εὐνάπιός φησιν: ὁ δὲ τὰς δυνάμεις ἤθροισε, τὸ χρῆμα τῆς διαβάσεως ἐπισπέρχων ἤδη καὶ συμβιαζόμενος καὶ πλὴν ἀγαθῆς ψυχῆς σῶμα οὐκ ἔχων.
For this headword see also chi 474, chi 475 (and cf. chi 476, chi 477, chi 478).
[1] = the first part of Synagoge chi110, Hesychius chi709 (although Hesychius omits 'property').
[2] Menander Protector fr. 23.9 Blockley.
[3] Eunapius fr. 66 FHG (4.44); see also epsilon 3776.
[4] Julian, Epistle 25b. On the Hercynian forest, see epsilon 3019.
[5] Eunapius fr.104 FHG (4.55); see also epsilon 1753.
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; economics; geography; historiography; history; imagery; military affairs; mythology; politics; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 4 April 2008@05:30:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 4 April 2008@05:51:17.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 4 April 2008@11:31:35.
William Hutton (augmented n. 1) on 5 August 2009@14:35:10.
David Whitehead (updated n.2) on 3 January 2012@07:51:56.
David Whitehead on 13 November 2013@05:03:23.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 June 2016@06:01:16.


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