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Headword: Χθαμαλά
Adler number: chi,322
Translated headword: humble [things]; flat [things]
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] lowly [ones], level [ones], even [ones].[1]
"[He] testing at what part of the river it was at the same time solid and flat."[2]
Also [sc. attested is] χθαμαλώτατον ["humblest"], [meaning] lowliest.[3]
Greek Original:
Χθαμαλά: ταπεινά, ὁμαλά, ἶσα. δοκιμάζων, ᾗ ἅμα μὲν στερεόν, ἅμα δὲ χθαμαλὸν ἦν τοῦ ποταμοῦ. καὶ Χθαμαλώτατον, ταπεινότατον.
The headword adjective is related to obsolescent *χαμά ("earth") and so its meaning can be literal or metaphorical; cf. Latin humilis from humus ("earth").
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica, and cf. the scholia to Homer, Odyssey 10.196, where feminine singular χθαμαλή occurs. The present χθαμαλά must be quoted from somewhere else; there are numerous possibilities.
[2] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable; see also eta 6.
[3] The superlative form of the adjective; probably quoted from Homer, Iliad 13.683.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; imagery
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 30 March 2008@00:48:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 30 March 2008@08:28:42.
David Whitehead on 11 November 2013@09:01:11.
David Whitehead (coding) on 1 June 2016@03:43:17.


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