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Headword: Χελώνη
Adler number: chi,190
Translated headword: tortoise
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the terrestrial animal, the shell-back;[1] also the marine one; also the name of a battle formation; also a military fashion, from which there are 'tortoise sheds', siege machine, and rams.
The Thessalian women, out of jealousy for Lais the courtesan, murdered her by striking her with wooden "tortoises" in the shrine of Aphrodite while a festival was under way. Later they made a shrine of Unholy Aphrodite, since the women had dared to commit an unholy murder in the shrine.[2]
Greek Original:
Χελώνη: τὸ χερσαῖον ζῷον, ἡ ὀστρακόνωτος: καὶ τὸ θαλάσσιον: καὶ παρατάξεως ὄνομα: καὶ εἶδος πολεμιστήριον, ἐξ οὗ καὶ χελῶναι χωστρίδες, πολιορκητικὸν μηχάνημα, καὶ κριοί. ζηλοτυποῦσαι αἱ Θετταλαὶ γυναῖκες τὴν Λαί̈δα τὴν ἑταιρίδα ξυλίναις χελώναις ἐφόνευσαν τύπτουσαι ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ τῆς Ἀφροδίτης, πανηγύρεως οὔσης. ὕστερον δὲ ἱερὸν ἐποίησαν ἀνοσίας Ἀφροδίτης, ἐπειδὴ αἱ γυναῖκες ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ ἀνόσιον τετολμήκασι φόνον.
Notes:
[1] cf. chi 195.
[2] This paragraph is derived from the scholia to Aristophanes, Wealth [Plutus] 179 (web address 1), where Lais (lambda 40) is mentioned. See also Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 13.589A-B (13.55 Kaibel). The wooden 'tortoises' have generally been envisaged as footstools: see e.g. LSJ s.v.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; botany; comedy; definition; ethics; gender and sexuality; geography; history; imagery; military affairs; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture; women; zoology
Translated by: William Hutton on 16 January 2007@10:41:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; cosmetics) on 17 January 2007@03:44:26.
David Whitehead (augmented n.2) on 17 January 2007@07:16:04.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 10 November 2013@07:09:15.
David Whitehead (expanded a ref) on 14 January 2015@09:29:00.

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