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Headword: *)/adhn
Adler number: alpha,463
Translated headword: enough, to excess
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] plenty or to surfeit, sufficiently, abundantly.
Or furiously, in excess.
In Charmides [sc. Plato writes]: "since we have enough of those things."[1]
And Herodotus [writes]: "when they had had enough killing, they drove off the rest of them."[2]
"When the fire had spread about enough to the houses near the walls, the city was filled with confusion."[3]
And elsewhere: "they had enjoyed enough wine in the evening and carried on into the night."[4]
And elsewhere: "they were drawing off wine to excess and without experience, and when they had fallen over they lay down at random as each of them happened to."[5]
And elsewhere: "the Celts filled up with enough wine and other things, being undisciplined in nature and having a country which was unfertile and unsuitable for any other things except for the fruits of Demeter.[6] Their bodies were big and voluptuous and full of flaccid flesh, and because of gluttony and drunkenness they were given over to bulk and weight; they were altogether incapable of runs and labours. And they were quickly made faint with sweat and wheezing whenever something [like running and working] was necessary."[7]
And elsewhere: "when the royal advisors came into power they set about excessively consuming the public funds [and] Sybaritically debauching the young man."[8]
Greek Original:
*)/adhn: a(/lis h)\ ei)s ko/ron, i(kanw=s, a)rkou/ntws. h)\ la/brws, katako/rws. e)n *xarmi/dh|: e)pei\ de\ tw=n toiou/twn a)/dhn e)/xomen. kai\ *(hro/- dotos: w(s de\ a)/dhn ei)=xon ktei/nontes, ta\ loipa\ au)tw=n h)/launon. e)pinemome/nou te a)/dhn tou= puro\s ta\s a)gxou= teixw=n oi)ki/as, taraxh=s e)plh/sqh h( po/lis. kai\ au)=qis: oi( de\ oi)/nw| a)/dhn e)xrw=nto e(spe/rioi kai\ e)s nu/kta teleutw=ntes. kai\ au)=qis: oi( de\ a)/dhn kai\ a)pei/rws spw=si tou= oi)/nou kai\ a)natrape/ntes e)/keinto w(s e)/tuxon au)tw=n e(/kastoi ei)kh=|. kai\ au)=qis: tou= de\ oi)/nou kai\ tw=n a)/llwn a)/dhn e)nepi/mplanto oi( *keltoi\ th/n te fu/sin o)/ntes a)kratei=s kai\ xw/ran e)/xontes, o(/ti mh\ pro\s *dhmhtriakou\s karpou\s, tw=n a)/llwn a)/gonon kai\ a)fua=. ta/ te sw/mata au)toi=s mega/la o)/nta kai\ trufhla\ kai\ sarkw=n u(grw=n mesta\, kai\ u(po\ th=s a)dhfagi/as kai\ me/qhs e)s o)/gkon kai\ ba/ros e)cexei=to: e)s dro/mous de\ kai\ po/nous a)du/nata pa/mpan. kai\ u(po\ i(drw=tos kai\ a)/sqmatos o(/pou ti de/oi e)celu/onto taxe/ws. kai\ au)=qis: oi( de\ basilikoi\ e)n e)cousi/a| geno/menoi tou= a)/dhn ta\ dhmo/sia katanali/skein *subaritikw=s to\n ne/on kraipala=n e)nh/rgoun.
[1] Plato, Charmides 153D (web address 1 below). The entry so far has drawn on scholia to that passage; see also Photius and other lexica.
[2] Herodotus 9.39.2 (web address 2 below).
[3] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable.
[4] Quotation (transmitted, in Adler's view, via the Excerpta Constantini Porphyrogeniti) unidentifiable.
[5] Aelian fr. 76b Domingo-Forasté (part of 73 Hercher); cf. alpha 2108, sigma 974.
[6] That is, cereals; cf. delta 428. (The jibe sounds paradoxical, given that grain-growing land is fertile by definition.)
[7] Appian, Celtica fr. 7.
[8] Malchus fr. 9 FHG (and Cresci), on Zeno; again at zeta 84. For "Sybaritically" see generally sigma 1271.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; economics; ethics; food; gender and sexuality; geography; historiography; history; imagery; medicine; philosophy
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 8 May 2001@14:13:02.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 9 May 2001@06:22:39.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 10 January 2012@08:30:42.
Catharine Roth (expanded and renumbered notes, added cross-references, upgraded links) on 1 February 2012@01:16:15.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 31 January 2015@07:54:20.
Catharine Roth (note tweaks) on 14 February 2015@11:05:11.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 19 April 2015@10:57:12.


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